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小学中高年级儿童集体自豪情绪及其对内群体亲社会倾向的影响

【作者】 谢诗韵

【导师】 桑标;

【作者基本信息】 华东师范大学, 发展与教育心理学, 2018, 硕士

【摘要】 集体自豪情绪是个人由于所属的群体获得重要成就而产生的一种积极的集体道德情绪,会影响个体对内群体产生积极的态度评价和行为倾向。以往研究主要关注成人个体,然而与集体有关的自我意识情绪在儿童阶段就开始快速发展了。了解儿童的集体自豪情绪的发展特点和对行为倾向的影响,不仅能够丰富对集体自豪情绪的研究,也有助于为培养儿童的集体观念和亲社会行为提供指导依据。本研究首先采用问卷和访谈法调查了上海市两所小学的四、五年级儿童在日常生活中的集体自豪事件和情绪体验,并编制了小学中高年级儿童集体自豪情绪体验问卷。然后,研究通过两个实验考察三年级儿童的集体自豪情绪对内群体亲社会行为倾向的影响,以及参与度对集体自豪情绪和内群体亲社会行为倾向的影响,还比较了这两种影响的性别差异。研究得到以下结果:(1)儿童在日常生活中的集体自豪事件多发生在学校或校外学习集体,情境丰富,且儿童在事件中的参与度以及对事件的关注点均有差异。(2)编制的小学中高年级儿童集体自豪情绪体验问卷信效度良好,为一维结构,适用于小学中高年级儿童的集体自豪情绪自评。(3)控制了集体认同感的情况下,诱发了集体自豪情绪的儿童对内群体的亲社会行为倾向比没有诱发情绪的儿童更强;不管是否诱发情绪,女生的内群体亲社会行为倾向均比男生强。(4)控制了集体认同感的情况下,在集体自豪事件中参与度高的儿童比参与度低的儿童有更强的情绪体验和更强的对内群体亲社会行为倾向;女生对内群体的亲社会行为倾向更易受参与度的影响,男生则不受影响。

【Abstract】 Collective pride is a positive collective moral emotion that occurs when group members celebrate their group’s significant achievements.It makes people evaluate their group and act to other group members positively.Previous studies focused on adult’s collective pride,yet collective self-conscious emotions develop rapidly in childhood.Learning about children’s developmental features of collective pride and its influence on behavioral tendencies is not only good for enriching the researches on collective pride,but also helpful for fostering children’s collective spirit and prosocial behavior.First,this study investigated daily collective pride events and emotion experience of Grade Four and Grade Five students from two elementary school in Shanghai.They were asked to report on questionnaires and during face-to-face interviews.In basis of children’s description,we developed the Collective Pride Experience Questionnaire of Children in Upper-grades Elementary.Then,we carried out two experiments to investigate the influence of Grade Three children’s collective pride on their in-group prosocial tendency,and the influence of engagement on collective pride and in-group prosocial tendency.We also tested gender differences in these two experiments.Below are the results:(1)Daily events that evoke children’s collective pride mostly happen in school or in off-school study groups and contains various contexts.Children’s engagement and concern of these events are different.(2)The Collective Pride Experience Questionnaire of Children in Upper-grades Elementary contains one dimension and has good validity and reliability.It’s an efficient tool for testing collective pride experience of children in upper-grades elementary.(3)Children with collective pride have stronger in-group prosocial tendency than those without collective pride when collective identity is controlled.With or without collective pride,girls,in-group prosocial tendency is stronger than boys’.(4)Higher engagement predicts higher valence of collective pride and stronger tendency of in-group prosocial behavior.Girls’ in-group prosocial tendency are more likely affected by engagement than boys’.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华东师范大学
  • 【分类号】B842.6
  • 【下载频次】103
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