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中小学开展“活力校园”行动计划必要性与可行性的调查研究

【作者】 王秋辰

【导师】 汪晓赞;

【作者基本信息】 华东师范大学, 体育人文社会学, 2018, 硕士

【摘要】 在当前的中国,青少年由于严重缺乏运动而产生的一系列不良后果已经凸显:体质差、体弱多病、视力下降、注意力难以集中等状况在儿童青少年群体中屡见不鲜。目前国外已经有研究指出,父母一代运动不足将会直接导致其子代寿命减少5年,处于儿童青少年时期的青少年身体健康问题已经成为一个越发引起人们关注且需迫切解决的世界性问题。在此背景下,国外推行了一系列"活力校园"项目,而对于我国而言,对于这一项目的研究并不多,要缓解当前儿童青少年体质下降的趋势势必需要积极吸取西方学校体育的优秀经验。然而,这就涉及到"活力校园"这一优秀项目是否适合我国,即是否具有必要性和可行性的问题。本研究主要采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、数理统计法等研究方法,将"活力校园"行动计划作为研究内容,并且选取山东省威海市文登经济开发区小学、包头市第四十五中学、蓬莱市易三实验小学、华东师范大学附属紫竹小学、江苏科技大学附属小学等"活力校园"行动计划试点学校中的300名教师作为调查对象,在我国现阶段健康促进的大环境,从儿童青少年生活方式中存在的问题等视角对国内外"活力校园"行动计划实施的现状进行综述,并对试点学校教师从"活力校园"行动计划的认知、行动计划满意度等方面进行问卷调查,综合分析"活力校园"行动计划在我国中小学实施开展的必要性与可行性。通过研究,本文得到的结论如下:1."活力校园"行动计划作为一项行之有效的健康促进行动计划,包含丰富的体育活动,专注课内与课外的活动质量,提倡不论校内还是校外坚持身体活动,可以有效地预防儿童青少年肥胖。2.我国儿童青少年肥胖问题严重、身体活动水平及运动意识不足,体育教育工作者职业发展的依赖和儿童青少年家长在孩子教育上的匮乏,共同推动着"活力校园"行动计划全面实施,"活力校园"行动计划势在必行。3.无论"活力校园"行动计划是否已成熟,政府、一线体育教师、儿童青少年家长都极力呼唤和拥护它的实施,为"活力校园"行动计划可行性奠定了良好的基础。

【Abstract】 In today’s Chinese society,teenagers due to lack of exercise and produce a series of serious consequences have emerged:poor physique,frail,vision loss,difficulty concentrating and other adverse conditions in the primary and middle school students groups.Foreign research has pointed out that at present,the parents generation insufficient physical activity will directly lead to the child life reduce 5 years,so the primary and middle school students,physical health problems in a teenager has become a more and more attention and need urgently to solve worldwide problems.In this background,in order to solve this problem a series of "Activity School" by foreign projects,and for this project research is not much of our country,to alleviate the current trend of primary and middle school students physical deterioration will inevitably need to actively absorb western school sports good experience.Yet it involves the "vitality"campus whether this outstanding project in China is suitable for our country whether it has the necessity and feasibility,but for the research in our country at present is not much.This study "Activity School" plan of action as the research object,mainly USES the literature material law,questionnaire survey method,mathematical statistics and other research methods,from the environment of health promotion at the present stage in China,problems that exist in the adolescent children’s way of life of "Activity School" action plan implementation status quo at home and abroad were reviewed,and then to participate in "Activity School" action plan "Activity School" pilot school teachers action plan of the status quo of cognition and action plan satisfaction investigation,comprehensive analysis to "Activity School" plan of action in implementation of primary and secondary schools to carry out the necessity and feasibility of our country.The results of this study are as follows:1."Activity School" plan of action has the rich sports project,focus on in-class and after-class sports quality,advocating regardless of internal or external adhere to physical activity,it can stimulate children’s interest in and physical education learning,effectively prevent obesity in children and adolescents,is an effective health promotion plan of action.2.The physical health of children and adolescents in China,lack of physical activity levels,at the same time sports career development education workers and children parents rely on education for their children,to promote the full implementation of" Activity School " action plan.3.Whether "Activity School" action plan has been mature,the government,a line of sports teachers,children parents to call for and support the implementation of it,for "Activity School" action plan smoothly laid a good foundation.

【关键词】 儿童青少年活力校园可行性必要性
【Key words】 Teenage childrenactivity schoolfeasibilitynecessity

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华东师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.96
  • 【下载频次】116
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