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体育课大中运动强度对高中生体适能影响的实验研究

【作者】 胡子祥

【导师】 董翠香;

【作者基本信息】 华东师范大学, 体育人文社会学, 2018, 硕士

【摘要】 体育课程作为一门健身育人的重要学科,如何做到高质量地发挥自身潜在的重要育人价值是当下亟需重视的问题。体育课有别于其它文化课,在教学过程中学生需要承受一定的运动强度刺激,这种外界的刺激能够对学生的内在生理产生一定的影响。就国内关于体育课运动强度的相关研究来看,现状性的调查研究居多,实验研究比较匮乏,且对于体育课适宜运动强度缺乏定量化的评价标准。本研究正是基于目前关于体育课运动强度方面成果的研究不足,通过构建高中体育课堂适宜运动强度所对应的运动心率区间,并对体育课基本部分平均运动心率进行实时监控和干预,以探寻高中体育课运动心率的"有效价值阈"。本研究主要采用文献资料法、实验法、数理统计法等研究方法,选取上海市闵行中学高一年级6个班191名学生作为实验对象进行实验研究,得出如下结论:(1)常规体育课的平均心率普遍偏低,缺乏规律性,波动范围较大,不能有效地刺激学生的身体机能。(2)不同大小运动强度的体育课对高中生体适能的影响效果不同。大强度能有效地促进学生身体形态和心肺耐力水平的发展。中等强度在改善学生的身体形态,提高心肺耐力水平和促进身体素质的发展方面优于大强度。(3)高中体育课基本部分的平均心率控制在150-170次/min之间较为适宜。

【Abstract】 Physical education curriculum as an important subject of fitness education,how to achieve the high quality of their potential to play an important role in education need to pay attention to the problem.Physical education is different from other cultural courses.In the teaching process,students need to bear a certain degree of intensity of stimulation,which can stimulate the students’ inner physiology.As for the research on the intensity of physical education in China,the current situation of the research is the majority,the experimental research is relatively scarce,and the quantitative evaluation criteria for the intensity of physical exercise is lack.This study is based on the current situation,through construction the high school sports classroom for the corresponding exercise intensity exercise heart rate interval,and real-time monitoring and interventing on physical education basic part average exercise heart rate,to explore "the effective value threshold of exercise heart rate" of high school sports.This research mainly adopts the methods of literature,experiment,mathematical statistics and other research methods,191 students from 6 classes of Shanghai Minhang high school were selectedas experimental subjects for experimental research,the research results are as follows:(1)The average heart rate of the physical education in the conventional physical education was generally low,lack of regularity,a large range of fluctuations,and can not effectively stimulate students’ physical function.(2)The effects of different sizes of load intensity on physical fitness of high school students are different.High intensity exercise can effectively promote the development of students’ body shape and cardiopulmonary endurance.Moderate exercise intensity is better than high intensity exercise in improving students’ body shape,improving cardiopulmonary endurance level and promoting the development of physical fitness.(3)The average heart rate control in the basic part of high school physical education is more appropriate between 150-170/min.

【关键词】 运动强度高中生体适能
【Key words】 Exercise intensityHigh school studentsfitness

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华东师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.96
  • 【下载频次】204
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