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父亲卷入与特殊儿童康复效果研究

【作者】 侯雪

【导师】 耿文秀;

【作者基本信息】 华东师范大学, 应用心理学, 2018, 硕士

【摘要】 本研究旨在考察父亲卷入与特殊儿童康复效果之间的关系。研究一为量化研究,采用自编《父亲卷入儿童教养问卷》和自编《特殊儿童康复效果问卷》调查了 114户特殊儿童家庭,被试儿童所患疾病类型包括自闭症、精神发育迟滞、语言发育迟缓、多动症、脑瘫等,其中包括男孩92例,女孩22例,年龄分布为2~14岁,平均年龄5.89(SD=2.64);父亲年龄分布为29~60岁,平均年龄37.34(SD=5.81)。研究二为质性研究,采用半结构化提纲深度访谈了 10户特殊儿童家庭,了解父亲卷入与儿童康复情况。研究发现:1.特殊儿童家庭中父亲卷入水平普遍较低;卷入方式相对单一,以简单的言语沟通式陪伴和互动游戏式陪伴为主。2.特殊儿童的康复效果与父亲卷入显著相关。在各个维度上表现为特殊儿童康复效果的功能发展领域与父亲卷入的各维度显著相关,行为领域和社交表现均与父亲卷入除物质资金支持以外的各维度显著相关,自理能力与父亲在场和物质资金支持显著相关,注意力与父亲在场、社会技能与学习成绩、父亲榜样显著相关。3.本研究中,上海市和苏州市两组被试在父亲卷入上的差异不显著,但两组特殊儿童康复效果的整体水平以及各个维度之间均存在显著差异。4.生物学因素(儿童疾病严重程度)和父亲卷入的榜样维度能够显著预测特殊儿童的康复效果。5.科学的康复理念和康复手段可以在一定程度上弥补父亲卷入不足给特殊儿童康复效果所造成的影响。

【Abstract】 The relationship between father involvement and the rehabilitation efficacy of disabled children was discussed in this paper.For the quantitative research part,Survey 1 investigated 114 families with disabled children,including 92 boys and 22 girls,using self-designed Father Involvement Questionnaire and Disabled Children’s Rehabilitation Efficacy Questionnaire.The children’s average age in this survey was 5.89(SD=2.64),and fathers’ was 37.34(SD=5.81).For the qualitative research part,semi-structured interview was used in Survey 2.Ten families with disabled children were recorded by depth interview.The sample was composed of 12 parents or grandparents from 10 families with disabled children.Research findings show that:1.Father involvement in families with disabled children was generally poor with the lack of ways to involve in children’s care and education.2.Father involvement had significant correlation to the rehabilitation efficacy of disabled children.Specifically,significant correlation existed between function development of children and all dimensions of father involvement;behavior and social performance correlated with all dimensions of father involvement except material support;self-care ability correlated with father’s accompany and material support;concentration was remarkbly correlative with father accompany,social skills learning and role model.3.In this research,fathers from Shanghai and Suzhou had no significant difference in their involvement;children of the two groups had significant difference in their rehabilitation efficacy.4.Biological factor and the role model dimension of father involvement significantly predicted children’s rehabilitation efficacy.5.Acquisition of scientific skills contributed to children’s rehabilitation efficacy,which eliminate the negative effects of poor father involvement to some extent.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华东师范大学
  • 【分类号】B844.1
  • 【下载频次】90
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