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家庭离异对初中学生人格发展的影响研究

【作者】 杨金金

【导师】 周彬;

【作者基本信息】 华东师范大学, 少年儿童组织与思想意识教育, 2018, 硕士

【摘要】 当今社会,随着离婚率的不断上升,离异家庭学生已经成为一个不容忽视的群体,对他们的独特性教育需求的关注与满足很有必要。随着他们的成长,离异家庭初中学生的人格发展状况如何?其独特性在哪里?什么因素对他们的人格发展产生了影响?笔者进行家庭离异对初中学生人格发展的影响研究,是希望针对离异家庭初中学生人格发展的特点开展教育活动,以有利于这部分学生人格健全发展。本研究在已有文献分析的基础上,以G学校七年级98名学生为研究对象,通过小样本群体心理测量的量的分析以及基于访谈的个案研究,明确了家庭离异对初中学生人格发展所产生的的影响,分析了家庭离异对初中学生人格发展产生影响的原因,并针对离异家庭初中学生独特性人格发展寻找了教育建议。本研究发现:家庭离异会对初中学生人格特质产生结构性的影响,使他们的偏执型人格得到弱化,逃避型、依赖型和冲动型人格得到强化。研究还发现:民主权威型的父母教养方式能促进离异家庭初中学生人格发展;主动有序的校园人际交往能提升离异家庭初中学生人格教育的效果。

【Abstract】 In today’s society,with a rapid increase in the divorce rate,students from divorced families have become a group be ignored.It’s necessary to pay attention to and meet their unique educational needs.As these junior high school students in divorced families grow up,how do the personality development?Where is iuniqueness?What factors impact their personality development?The Study of how divorce impacts on junior high school students’ personality development is intended to carry out educational activities according to the characteristics of junior high school students’ personality development,which is conducive to the healthy development of the students’ personality.Based on the analysis on the existing literature,98 students from grade7 in G School as the research object,through the analysis on the psychological measurement of the small sample amount of group and the interview-based case study,this study is to prove that divorced family impacts on those junior high school students’ personality development,analysis it’s reasons and look for suggestions for their unique personality development.This study found that divorced family impact on junior high school students’personality traits,make their paranoid personality be weakening,and make their avoidant,dependent and impulsive personality strengthen.The study also found that authoritative parents’ upbringing can promote divorced family junior high school students’ personality development;active and orderly campus interpersonal will enhance the effect of divorced familiy junior high school students’ personality education.

【关键词】 离异家庭初中学生人格
【Key words】 divorced familyjunior high school studentspersonality

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华东师范大学
  • 【分类号】C913.1;B848
  • 【下载频次】475
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