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农村初中物理直观教学法的实践研究

【作者】 曲朝旭

【导师】 侯恕;

【作者基本信息】 东北师范大学, 教育硕士(非全日制)(专业学位), 2018, 硕士

【摘要】 中华人民共和国教育部制定的《义务教育物理课程标准2011年版》指出:教育要面向全体学生,从生活走向物理,从物理走向社会。在新课程改革背景下,注重三维目标的培养,深化教学方法改革,营造轻松、愉快、和谐的学习氛围。直观教学法以其自身独特的优越性较好地实现了有效教学,为达到教学的三维目标提供了科学的教学手段。考虑到物理学科的实际难度、农村中学的基础设施状况、农村中学生的知识底蕴和生活实践经验,在农村初中物理教学中应用直观教学法是十分必要的。本研究采用文献法、案例分析法、调查法并结合建构主义相关理论,对农村初中物理教学中直观教学法的应用原则:生活性原则、兴趣性原则、新异性原则、时代性原则;应采用的三种直观方式:实验直观、教具直观、语言直观;按照学生掌握知识的相应环节应用直观教学法,在农村中学八年级,九年级进行了初步的实践研究,目的是检验其可行性、有效性,为理论提供可靠的实证支持。通过对案例分析和访谈记录数据分析,初步得出以下结论:应用直观教学法导入新课激发学生的学习兴趣,增强求知欲;教学过程中应用直观教学法让学生轻松愉快的学习,增强教学实效性;应用直观教学法总结物理知识降低物理知识的抽象性,降低物理学习难度;应用直观教学法将学到的物理知识应用于生产、生活实践之中,加深学生对知识的理解和对物理学科的热爱。

【Abstract】 The Compulsory education physics curriculum standard 2011 edition formulated by the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China points out education must be for all students, from life to physics, from physics to society. In the background of the new curriculum reform, teachers need focus on the cultivation of three-dimensional goals, deepen the reform of teaching methods and create a relaxed, pleasant and harmonious learning atmosphere. The intuitive teaching method, with its own unique advantages, nicely achieves effective teaching,which provides a scientific teaching method for the three-dimensional goal of teaching. Taking into account the actual difficulty of physics, the basic facilities of rural schools, as well as rural middle school students’ knowledge and life experience, it is very necessary to apply intuitive teaching method in the rural junior middle school physics teaching.In accordance with the corresponding application of the intuitive teaching method, we conducted a preliminary practical research for the purpose to test the feasibility and effectiveness of the theory and provide reliable empirical support in this paper. We studied on the application principle of the intuitive teaching method in rural junior high schools physics teaching method,i.e., the life principle, interest principle, new specific principle, as well as three ways which should be adopted,i.e., experiment intuition, visual aids,visual language.Based on the case analysis and the analysis of interview records, the following conclusions are as follows: applying the intuitive teaching method to introduce the new course can arouse the students’ learning interest and enhance the desire for knowledge; in the teaching process,the application of intuitive teaching method can make students relaxed, happy learning and enhance the effectiveness of teaching; it can reduce the physical knowledge of abstract and reduce the difficulty of physics learning to apply the intuitive teaching method to summarize the physical knowledge; introduction of intuitive teaching method can make the physical know ledges, that have been learned, be applied to the production of life practice to deepen the students’ understanding for the knowledge and the love for physics.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 东北师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.7
  • 【下载频次】87
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