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家庭因素对乡镇小学开展校园足球活动的影响研究 ——以重庆市铜梁区为例

【作者】 谭皇

【导师】 邹巍;

【作者基本信息】 西南大学, 体育教育训练学, 2018, 硕士

【副题名】以重庆市铜梁区为例

【摘要】 足球从娃娃抓起,从小学教育开始入手等,关于如何开展好校园足球活动,促进校园足球活动的发展,学术界对此展开激烈的讨论。近年来,随着校园足球活动的不断发展,总体上校园足球事业取得了积极进展,体制机制不断完善,场地设施得到了改善,师资力量不断壮大,发展模式不断创新。但是乡镇小学校开展校园足球活动的实际情况还不容乐观,除师资力量、场地设施、政府财政投入等客观因素外,家庭因素是否成为了影响乡镇小学校园足球活动发展的一大因素?本研究根据乡镇小学实际情况,校园足球活动发展现状,选取重庆市铜梁区9个乡镇片区9所乡镇小学三至六年级学生及家长为研究对象,采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、专家访谈法、数理统计法、实地调查法等研究方法,对这9所乡镇小学三至六年级学生家庭情况采用抽样调查,从家庭经济收入状况对学生参与校园足球活动的影响研究;家长自身情况对学生参与校园足球活动的影响研究;家长的教育观念方面因素对学生参与校园足球活动的影响研究。针对问题的提出,本研究从以上三个大层面展开了实地调研。本研究旨在结合当前重庆市铜梁区乡镇小学校园足球发展的现状,通过对乡镇小学学生家庭情况的调查,发现家庭因素中哪些因素阻碍了乡镇小学校园足球的发展,同时也为了找到开展校园足球活动更好的途径与方法,也为研究乡镇小学校园足球活动的专家学者提供个案分析和相关理论依据。研究发现:重庆市铜梁区乡镇小学学生不太喜欢参与校园足球活动;乡镇学生家庭年收入不高,家庭经济来源单一;学生家长文化程度低,工作性质多样,主要以务工为主;学生家长不太喜欢体育运动,对校园足球活动了解较少,参与体育锻炼时间少;运动竞技水平不高;家长更关心学生的学习成绩,害怕参与校园足球锻炼影响了孩子的学习成绩从而影响孩子以后升学困难等因素。通过研究主要得出以下结论:乡镇学校学生家庭的经济收入状况是影响乡镇学校开展校园足球活动的一个重要因素;乡镇学校学生家长自身因素间接影响了学生参与校园足球活动的质量;家长传统的教育观念不利于在乡镇小学广泛开展校园足球活动。介于受到众多因素的影响,本研究提出发展建议主要有:乡镇小学要想促进校园足球活动的发展还得加强政府的引导工作,深入贯彻落实校园足球活动指导思想,在本区内多招商引资,增加就业岗位,让更多家庭能够回乡创业、择业,促进家庭和谐;工厂、企业多组织体育活动,让家长参与其中,体验体育带来的健康和快乐,培养家长对体育运动的兴趣爱好,提升运动技能;通过多渠道宣传讲解,通过互联网媒介,促进家长的学习意识等手段改变现状;改变家长传统的教育观念,多种组织形式开展校园足球活动,更好地促进乡镇小学校园足球的长足发展。

【Abstract】 The soccer starts from the baby,starts from the elementary school education and so on,how to carry on the good campus soccer activity,promotes the campus soccer movement the development,the academic circles launches the intense discussion to this.In recent years,with the continuous development of the campus football activities,the overall campus football career has made positive progress,and constantly improve the system mechanism,venues and facilities have been improved,the growing strength of teachers,the development model innovation.But the actual situation of Township Primary School Campus football activities is not optimistic,in addition to faculty,facilities,government finance investment and other objective factors,family factors are becoming the influence factor of the development of Township Primary School Campus football activities? According to the actual situation of the township primary school,the current situation of the development of the campus football activities,selected from Tongliang District of Chongqing City,9 towns District 9 township primary school three to the sixth grade students and their parents as the research object,using literature method,questionnaire method,expert interview method,mathematical statistics method,field survey method,logical analysis method research methods by sampling survey of three families of students to the sixth grade of the 9 Township Primary School,studied to participate in the campus football activities for students from family income;influence on their parents to participate in campus football activities for students;influence factors of education concept of parents to participate in campus football activities for students.In view of the problem,this study carried out field research from the above three aspects.The purpose of this study is to combine current situation of primary school campus football Township in Tongliang District of Chongqing City,the current township primary school students,through the investigation of the family situation,find what factors family factors hinder the development of Township Primary School Campus football,but also in order to find out ways and methods of campus football activities better,but also experts on Township Primary School Campus football activities provide relevant theoretical basis and case analysis.The study found: Chongqing city Tongliang district township primary school students do not love to participate in campus football activities;students in the township family income is not high,the family economic source of single parents;cultural level is low,the nature of the work is diverse,mainly migrant workers;their parents don’t love sports,less understanding of the campus football activities,participation in sports less time to exercise;sports level is not high;the parents are more concerned about the students’ grades,afraid to participate in the campus football exercise influence children’s learning achievement and influence the children after school difficulties.The main conclusions are as follows: the economic status of township school students family income is an important factor affecting Township School Campus football activities;rural school students’ parents own factors indirectly affect the quality of students to participate in campus football activities;parents of traditional education concept is not conducive to the extensive development of the campus football activities in rural primary school.Is affected by many factors,this study puts forward development suggestions are: to promote the development of Township Primary School Campus football activities to strengthen the government’s guidance,thoroughly implement the guiding thought of the campus football activities in this area,more investment,increase employment opportunities,so that more families can promote their entrepreneurial career,family harmony;sports organization enterprise,allow parents to participate in the sports experience to bring health and happiness,to bring them to the sports interests,promote sports skills;through multiple channels of publicity to explain,through the Internet media,improving their learning awareness and other means to change the status quo;parents to change the traditional concept of education,a variety of the organization form of carrying out the campus football activities,to better promote the development of rural primary school campus football.

【关键词】 家庭因素校园足球影响
【Key words】 family factorscampus footballinfluence

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 西南大学
  • 【分类号】G623.8
  • 【下载频次】206
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