中国基础教育博硕士论文库

节点文献

陈鹤琴“活教育”中的美育思想研究

【作者】 田艳红

【导师】 余立新;

【作者基本信息】 西南大学, 美学, 2018, 硕士

【摘要】 陈鹤琴是我国现代著名的教育家,其“活教育”理论至今对我国的教育特别是儿童教育有着深刻的影响。陈鹤琴“活教育”中美育内涵丰富,特别是在儿童美育方面有许多独到见解。遗憾的是,目前学界几乎没有对陈鹤琴美育思想的系统研究。陈鹤琴先生还是一位重视实践的教育家,他长期工作在教育第一线,曾创办包括江西省立实验幼稚师范学校在内的多所学校,亲身进行大量的教育实验研究,拥有着丰富的美育实践经验。因此,本文选择对陈鹤琴“活教育”理论中的美育思想进行研究,有着理论和实践双重意义。本文从以下几方面对陈鹤琴“活教育”中的美育思想进行研究:首先,从“活教育”思想的产生,“活教育”理论的基本框架,“活教育”思想的主要特征三个方面概述“活教育”思想。“活教育”思想的产生受教育救国思潮的影响,经历了传统私塾教育的苦闷,到大学确立了信念。“活教育”的理论框架主要包括:真人目的观,生活课程观,实践方法观。其次,从“感性与理性、全面与和谐、理想与激情、个性与创造”这四个方面阐述了陈鹤琴“活教育”理论与美育的关联。并就“活教育”中的儿童美育观进行专门的分析,系统阐述了陈鹤琴先生所主张的“儿童中心、游戏中心、健康中心”的儿童美育思想。同时,陈鹤琴先生在“活教育”中有长期的大量的实践操作,这方面也是陈鹤琴先生对美育的独特贡献,而且对当下美育实践也有重要的指导意义,因此本文开辟专节对其具体设计、活动、场景等实践操作进行评述。最后,本文就陈鹤琴美育思想的主要特点进行了归纳总结,突出其实践特征,心理特征和学段特征。希望通过自己的研究,能对陈鹤琴先生的美育思想进行比较完整的梳理,对当今美育思想研究和美育实践活动,以及对当下学校美育和儿童美育发展尽一份心,尽一份力。

【Abstract】 Chen Heqin is a famous contemporary Chinese educator.His theory of “Living Education” has a deep influence on China’s education up to this day,especially in pedagogy.“Living Education” is rich in aesthetic connotation,especially in the field of child aesthetic education there are many original views.Regrettably,nowadays educational circles almost do not conduct systematic research on Chen Heqin’s aesthetic thinking.Nevertheless,Mr.Chen Heqin is an educator who pays attention to practical experience.He had worked for a long time on the educational front line,established many institutes,including Jiangxi experimental kindergarten.He also had personally carried out numerous educational experiments,and had a rich practical experience in aesthetics.This text carries out a study of aesthetic thinking presented in Chen Heqin’s theory of “Living Education”,which is of both theoretical and practical significant.This paper conducts a research on several aspects of aesthetic thinking in Chen Heqin’s “Living Education”.First of all,I will elaborate three aspects;starting from the emergence of the ideology of “Living Education”,basic framework of “Living Education” and then the main features of “Living Education”.The emergence of “Living Education” was influenced by the historical event of “saving the nation through education”,experienced from the vapidity of traditional private school education and its establishment during university faith.The framework of “Living Education” mainly includes: views on purpose of “Zhenren”,views on “life course”,views on practical methods.Secondly,this paper elaborates the relation between Chen Heqin’s theory of “Living Education” and aesthetics in four aspects: “sensibility and rationality,unity and harmony,ideal and passion,individuality and creation”.It also carries out a special analysis on child aesthetics education,systematically elaborates with the pedagogical aesthetic ideologies of “child center,recreation center,health center” advocated by Mr.Chen Heqin.Meanwhile,in “Living Education” Chen Heqin had tremendous of practice,which is also Mr.Chen Heqin’s distinctive contribution to aesthetical education.Moreover,it is also an important guide to the present aesthetic education practice.For this reason,this text opens up an independent chapter for his commentaries on practice of specific designs,activities,and scenarios.At last,the text summarizes main features of Chen Heqin’s aesthetic thinking,stresses its practical,psychological and learning characteristics.Having conducted my own research,I hope it can be used to complete the Chen Heqin’s aesthetic education thought.

移动知网

全球学术快报

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 西南大学
节点文献中: