【作者基本信息】 西南大学， 学前教育学， 2018， 硕士
【Abstract】 The planning of children has been paid more and more attention.Some people think that the children’s plan is one of the learning quality,and some people regard it as a kind of activity style.This study is more likely to divide children’s planning into learning quality.Researchers use children’s manual activities as the starting point to set different task difficulty,material structure and delivery methods for children,and observe and record their manual activities,Describe the whole course of operation and behavioral performance of children planning,showing the inherent composition and characteristics of children’s planning,analyze the factors that affect the planning of children,and put forward the educational suggestions for cultivating children’s plan.In this examination,the experimental method was used as the basic research method.Taking a kindergarten in Chongqing as the research sample,64 children aged 5-6 years were selected as subjects,the children were planned as the dependent variable,the task difficulty,the material structure and The mode of delivery is an independent variable,the planned dimension of the child is divided into the control variable,the length of the child’s activity,the familiarity of the activity,the child’s interest and emotion.Researchers in the different manual activities in the performance of children’s behavior observed and recorded after the analysis of the relationship between the behavior of young children,the use of a planned definition of the performance of children planning performance to assess the degree of compliance.Then,from the aspects of task difficulty,material structure and delivery mode,the author explores the factors that affect the planning of children.Through the interviews with kindergarten teachers,the author draws on the research of the predecessors and consulted the relevant experts,and compiled the " Table ",as a research tool for the planning of children’s planning to analyze the characteristics of early childhood planning,and to explore the child’s manual activities of the task difficulty,material structure,delivery mode for the 5-6 year-old child planning impact,the main conclusions of the study are as follows:(1)The difficulty of the task has a significant effect on the planning of the children in the manual activities.In the difficult task situation,the performance of the children is better than that of the simple task.The mode of delivery has a significant impact on the planning of children,children in a given situation in the context of the score of the planned scores in the higher scores.Material structure has no significant effect on children’s planning.(2)The interaction effect of task difficulty,material structure and on the way of three factors,material structure and delivery method both a significant interaction effect,interactive material structure and the effect of task difficulty was embodied in the implementation plan and the plan of the total score,making plans and plans to complete part of the difference was not significant.Other interaction effects were not significant.According to the conclusion of the study,the following suggestions are put forward: from the teacher’s point of view,it is necessary to strengthen the guidance of children’s planning and support the children’s planning behavior.From the teaching level,teachers should set the task difficulty,From the parents point of view,to cooperate with the kindergarten education work to understand the degree of development of children planning,to children more opportunities to display their planning capabilities.
【Key words】 Task difficulty； material structure； delivery mode； child planning； Manual activity；
- 【网络出版投稿人】 西南大学