中国基础教育博硕士论文库

节点文献

农村幼儿园“小学化”的利益相关者研究

【作者】 朱剑英

【导师】 刘云艳;

【作者基本信息】 西南大学, 学前教育学, 2018, 硕士

【摘要】 农村幼儿园是一个利益相关组织,其活动涉及到幼儿、家长、幼儿园教师、园长、投资者、教育行政部门、社区、大众媒体等多个群体的利益。不同的利益主体围绕儿童的学习与发展都有不同的利益诉求,他们之间的利益关系有两种表现:一是利益一致性,二是利益差别性。利益一致有利于各利益主体利益共享的达成,利益差别是导致农村幼儿园教育“小学化”长期无法得到有效解决的重要原因。因此,我们有必要认清与农村幼儿园“小学化”相关的利益主体的利益诉求及各利益主体之间的利益一致和差别,寻求协调各利益主体利益差别的路径与方法,为农村幼儿园去“小学化”探寻合理出路。本研究以利益相关者为基础,以湖北省十堰市和重庆市黔江区两个地方不同性质的幼儿园作为调查研究对象。通过文本分析法和半开放式访谈法,结合已有的关于利益相关者的研究述评,总结出利益相关者必备的三个核心要素。他们分别是:团体或个人;责任和义务并存;契约关系。根据这三个要素分析得出与农村幼儿园“小学化”相关的四大直接的利益主体:幼儿园教师、幼儿家长、幼儿园园长以及小学一年级的教师。这四类利益相关者围绕儿童的学习与发展有不同的利益诉求。各利益相关者因为重视儿童的全面发展而表现出利益一致的一面,因为观念和行为的脱节而在儿童学习内容、学习方式、对幼小衔接中各方的职责认识表现出利益差别的一面。协调各利益相关者的利益差别,实现农村幼儿园去“小学化”,需要各利益相关者加强对五大领域的了解,提升对幼儿游戏的认识,理解幼儿发展的阶段性和差异性;教育行政部门需要发挥主导作用,增加国家的经费投入,贯彻与落实去“小学化”政策,强化幼儿园与小学之间的双向沟通;各利益相关者之间也应开展积极有效的沟通,充分利用媒体资源,宣传科学育儿知识,缓解家长对优质学前教育的迫切需要。

【Abstract】 Rural kindergarten is a stakeholder organization whose activities involve the interests of many groups such as children,parents,kindergarten teachers,principals,investors,educational administrations departments,the communities,mass media and so on.Different stakeholders focus on the children’s learning and development have different interests,there are two kinds of performances between their interest relationship: one is the interests of consistency,the second is the differences of interest.Benefit agreement is beneficial to the benefit sharing of the interests of all the stakeholders,differences of interest is not conducive to the development of children,and even has adverse effects to the interests of every stakeholder demands.Therefore,it is necessary for us to recognize the interests of the stakeholders involved in the "elementary school" in rural kindergartens and the benefit consistent and differences between different interest subjects,seeking to coordinate and balance the differences of interests of the various stakeholders.This study based on the stakeholders,this paper takes the two different nature of the kindergarten in Shiyan City and Qianjiang District of Chongqing Municipality as the research object.Through the text analysis method and the preliminary interview method combined with the existing research on stakeholders,the study sums up the three core elements that stakeholders must have.Through the layers of screening and summarizing that rural kindergarten "primary school" of four directly related interest subjects:kindergarten teachers,children parents,kindergarten principals and primary school teachers.Stakeholders show the same side of interest because of the emphasis on the comprehensive development of children.Because of the disjointedness of ideas and behavior,they show the conflict of interest in children ’s learning content,learning style,and “primary school” and young convergence.Coordination the differences of interest between stakeholders,to achieve rural kindergarten to “schoolification”,all the stakeholders need to strengthen the understanding of the five areas,enhance the understanding of children’s games,understand early childhood development phases and difference;Education administrative department needs to play a leading role,,increase the state’s investment,implement and implement the “primary school” policy,strengthen two-way communication between kindergarten and primary school;Between various stakeholders should also carry out positive and effective communication,make full use of media resources,promoting scientific and educational knowledge,ease the urgent needs of the parents for quality pre-school education.

移动知网

全球学术快报

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 西南大学
  • 【分类号】G619.2
  • 【下载频次】1236
节点文献中: