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民间公益组织参与农村幼儿园教师专业发展的实践研究

【作者】 熊兰瑛

【导师】 胡福贞;

【作者基本信息】 西南大学, 学前教育学, 2018, 硕士

【摘要】 农村幼儿园是我国学前教育事业的重要组成部分,农村幼儿园教师的专业素养是影响农村学前教育质量的重要因素之一。随着我国政府大力推进学前教育事业的发展,农村幼儿园教师堪忧的专业发展现状日益成为整个学前教育体系最薄弱的环节之一。由于农村幼儿园教师需求日益复杂化和多样化,农村幼儿园教师专业发展的外部支持来源也开始向多元化的方向发展,民间公益组织逐渐成为支持农村幼儿园教师专业发展的重要力量。本文通过对民间公益组织参与农村幼儿园教师专业发展的整体现状和影响因素,以及对一个民间公益组织的农村幼儿园教师专业发展项目的个例研究,探寻民间公益组织参与农村幼儿园专业发展项目发展的现状和各种影响因素,揭示民间公益组织在农村幼儿园教师专业发展中的角色定位与路径选择。本文第一部分为基础性研究。首先论述了选题缘由,即问题提出的背景,然后对有关的基本概念进行界定,最后系统地梳理了与民间公益组织农村幼儿园教师专业发展有关的相关研究进展和本文的研究方法、研究目的、内容和意义。第二部分是通过对民间公益组织参与农村幼儿教师专业发展的缘起和发展历程进行研究。第三部分是对目前农村幼儿园教师专业发展中民间公益组织实践的调查研究。首先,本研究通过调查分析我国十个民间公益组织的特征和它们农村幼儿园教师专业发展实践活动,以及总结这些组织在农村幼儿园教师专业发展实践中取得的成就与不足的基础,同时对影响此类项目发展的微观、中观和宏观因素进行粗略的分析和探讨。然后通过个案研究,即对一个民间公益组织的农村幼儿园教师专业发展项目实践的具体研究和分析,来剖析民间公益组织的农村幼儿园教师专业发展项目的具体实践和影响项目发展的主要因素。本文认为项目组织结构、项目目标、项目机会、项目过程和组织内的非正式结构是项目组织内影响项目运作的主要因素,同时,参与项目的农村幼儿园教师和项目人员的特点也对项目运作有很大的影响;一些外部环境因素,如民间公益组织登记注册问题、教育行政主管部门的认可程度、农村学前教育现状和农村幼儿园教师现状是影响项目运作的直接环境因素,政治经济环境、科学技术发展、文化价值取向和人口变迁是间接影响项目运作的环境因素。第四部分对民间公益组织如何在众多主体参与农村学前教育发展的工作中如何进行角色定位以及通过什么样的途径实现这一角色进行研究。本研究认为民间公益组织参与促进农村学前教育发展中可以承担三种角色,即资源整合者、政府工作的协助者和先进教育理念的倡导者。为了实现这个目标,民间公益组织需要通过强化自身机构建设、提升农村幼儿园教师专业发展实践的专业化水平,加强外部沟通与交流、吸引公益资源和寻求与政府部门的合作、获得政府支持与认可。在结论与讨论部分,本研究从整体的视角,进一步讨论了农村幼儿园教师专业发展的根本动力和农村幼儿园教师专业发展过程中民间公益组织的工作当前面临的主要局限与挑战。

【Abstract】 Preschools in rural areas are an important part of the Chinese preschool educational cause,and the rural preschool teachers’ professional accomplishment are one of the most important influencing factors.As the national government vigorously promotes the preschool education,rural preschool teachers’ dreadful professional development gradually becomes the weakest part of the entire preschool education system.Given the rural preschool teachers’ needs are multiple and diversified,the source of external support for these teachers are diversified too,and the NGOs are becoming important facilitators.This thesis aims to research NGOs’ efforts to promote rural preschool teachers professional development and its influence factors,and case-studying a specific NGO’s activities,to seek the NGOs’ involvement in rural preschool teachers professional developmental status and various influence factors.Finally,this thesis reveals the role and pathfinding of NGOs in rural preschool teachers’ professional development.The first part of this thesis is basic research.Firstly,it discusses the reasons behind the choosing of this topic and the background of the question;secondly,it defines related basic conceptions;and finally,it systematically untangles related research development that involves the NGOs and the rural preschool teachers’ professional development and this thesis’ research method,research goal,content and meaning.The second part is researching about NGOs’ involvement in rural preschool teachers’ reason and process.The third part is researching about NGOs’ involvement in rural preschool teachers’ professional development.It summarizes 10 NGOs’ achievements and deficiencies by investigating their characteristics and their rural preschool teachers’ professional development,and analyzes their influencing factors.Then,it anatomies NGO’s general practices about rural preschool teachers professional development and its influencing factors through a case study.It believes that the project’s organizational structure,goal,chance,process and the informal structure within an organization are the main influencing factors,meanwhile,the characteristics of rural preschool teachers and project personnel have great impact to this project operation;besides,some external environment,such as NGOs’ legal status,education administrative department’s approval,rural preschools’ situation and rural preschool teachers’ situation are the direct influencing factors.In addition,political and socio-economic environment,the development of science and technology,cultural values and demographic changes indirectly affects the project.Finally,this research further discusses the fundamental motives of rural preschool teachers professional development and the limitation and challenge of NGOs may face from a holistic perspective.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 西南大学
  • 【分类号】G615
  • 【下载频次】629
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