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民办幼儿园教师社会身份认知研究

【作者】 邓昌杰

【导师】 胥兴春;

【作者基本信息】 西南大学, 学前教育学, 2018, 硕士

【摘要】 民办幼儿园教师社会身份认知是指对民办幼儿园教师对其自身价值成就感、具备的知识能力、群体的情感依附、师表形象表征、获得的地位声望的整体的感知和理解状态。民办幼儿园社会身份是其在社会结构中所占位置的象征符号及其所联系的意义。民办幼儿园教师对自己社会身份的理解,对其评价自身教育工作的价值、促进自身发展专业发展、减少民办幼儿园教师队伍的流动性具有重要作用;同时,探究民办幼儿园教师社会身份认知特点,可以为政府机构、教育部门、高师院校相关部门提供参考数据。本研究主要研究民办幼儿园教师社会身份认知状况,探讨其在人口学变量、在职务地位变量、幼儿园背景变量上的差异;运用认知实验法进一步了解高低认知水平的民办幼儿园教师对社会身份认知编码情况;分析探讨民办幼儿园教师社会身份认知的特点;为民办幼儿园教师社会身份认知提出建议。本研究在前期相关文献分析和访谈的基础上,遵循科学研究程序,通过对预测问卷进行项目分析、探索性因素分析、信效度检验,编制形成由价值成效、知识能力、情感依附、师表形象、地位声望五个维度组成,共26个题项的正式《民办幼儿园教师社会身份认知问卷》。使用分层抽样法选取西南地区民办幼儿园教师450名进行调查,回收有效问卷377份,对民办幼儿园社会身份认知的总体状况,以及在人口学变量、职务地位变量、幼儿园背景变量上的差异进行分析,得出结论:(1)民办幼儿园教师社会身份认知状况是不平衡的,认知水平差异较大。各维度之间水平的差异性明显,民办幼儿园教师对知识能力维度的认知水平最高,对地位声望维度的认知水平最低,说明民办幼儿园教师对其社会身份认知存在不稳定及不明晰的况状。(2)民办幼儿园教师在性别、年龄、教龄、月收入状况、职务、学历、园所位置、园所等级、园所分类上存在显著差异。女性民办幼儿园教师在社会身份认知的各维度及总分上显著高于男性民办幼儿园教师;民办幼儿园教师社会身份认知各因子及总分随年龄、教龄、月收入的增加呈现上升趋势;民办幼儿园教师社会身份认知各因子及总分随着担任职务、园所等级、园所分类的降低呈下降趋势;民办幼儿园教师社会身份认知各因子及总分随着学历的增长呈现下降趋势;县城所在民办幼儿园中的教师社会身份认知得分高于市区与村镇;在职称等级与所在民办幼儿园的性质上不存在显著差异。同时,本研究运用社会认知实验范式,编制“幼儿园教师的故事”作为编码实验材料,选取《民办幼儿园教师社会身份认知问卷》高分组27人,低分组26人,进行编码实验,得出结论:(1)高分组民办幼儿园教师对工作生活事件的正性编码数量、正性条目正确量显著多于低分组民办幼儿园教师;(2)低分组民办幼儿园教师对工作生活事件的负性编码数量、负性条目正确量显著多于高分组民办幼儿园教师;(3)高低得分组对中性条目的编码不存在显著差异;(4)高分组民办幼儿园教师对正性条目的编码偏向量较多,低分组民办幼儿园教师对负性条目的编码偏向量较多。本研究从人口学变量上、在职务地位变量上、幼儿园背景变量上、认知水平编码上探讨民办幼儿园教师社会身份认知存在的特点。从增进自身的工作成效感、扎实教育专业知识能力、增强个体团体依附力、内化自我形象表征、提升地位声望五个层面提出操作建议,以期促进民办幼儿园教师社会身份认知不断趋于稳定与常态化。

【Abstract】 Private kindergarten teachers social identity is the state of the overall perception and understanding,includes sense of achievement,ability of knowledge,emotional attachment of the group,individual image,prestige of the position.Private kindergarten social identity is the symbol position and meaning in the social structure.Understanding of private kindergarten social identity is play an important role in evaluating the value of self-education,promoting their professional development and reducing the flow of private kindergarten teachers.At the same time,exploring the characteristics of private kindergarten teachers’ social identity,it can provide reference data for government agencies,education departments,teachers colleges and Universities.This study focuses on the cognitive status of private kindergarten teachers’ social identity,discusses the differences in demographic variables,job status variables and kindergarten background variables,understand the high and low cognitive level of private kindergarten teachers’ cognitive status of social identity using cognitive experiment,analyzes the characteristics of the cognition of the social identity of private kindergarten teachers,and puts forward some suggestions for the cognition of the social identity of private kindergarten teachers.On the basis of previous literature analysis and interviews,this study follows the scientific research program,through the item analysis,exploratory factor analysis,reliability and validity test,form questionnaire investigation is included value effect,knowledge ability,emotional attachment,teacher image,prestige five dimensions,26 items.Select the southwest private kindergarten teachers 450 people were investigated using stratified sampling method,377 valid questionnaires.This paper analyzes the cognitive status of the social identity of the private kindergarten,and analyzes the differences of the demographic variables,the position variables and the kindergarten background variables.Conclusions are as follows:(1)the cognitive status of private kindergarten teachers’ social identity is unbalanced,and the cognitive level is different.The difference in the level of each dimension is obvious,the cognition level of the private kindergarten teachers’ knowledge ability is the highest,and the cognitive level of prestige is the lowest.It shows that the cognition of social identity of private kindergarten teachers is unstable and unclear.(2)the private kindergarten teachers have significant differences in gender,age,seniority,monthly income,position,degree,park position,kindergarten grade,kindergarten classification.The cognition of the social identity of female private kindergarten teachers is significantly higher than that of male;The cognition of the social identity of private kindergarten teachers of each factor and total score increased with age,seniority,monthly income increase;The cognition of the social identity of private kindergarten teachers of each factor and total score decreased with position of private kindergarten teachers,kindergarten level,classification of kindergarten reduced;The cognition of the social identity of private kindergarten teachers of each factor and total score Declined with the growth of education;The cognition of social identity of private kindergarten teachers in county is higher than that in urban areas,township;The cognition of the social identity of private kindergarten teachers of each factor and total score have no difference in the grade of teachers and the nature of private kindergartens.Select 27 subjects in the high score group and 26 subjects in the low score group from“social identity of private kindergarten teachers cognitive questionnaire ”,encoding experiment.Conclusions are as follows:(1)High group on the number of positive items and the correct amount of positive items higher than the low group;(2)Low group on the number of negative items and the correct amount of negative items higher than the high group;(3)There is no significant difference in the encoding of neutral items;(4)The high group have more bias on the positive items,and the low group have more bias on the negative items.In this study,discuss the cognitive characteristics of the social identity of private kindergarten teachers from demographic variables,job status variables and kindergarten background variables.The study puts forward five levels operation suggestions to make the cognition of the social identity of private kindergarten teachers tend to be stable and normal.As follows:enhance the sense of work efficiency,improve the professional knowledge ability,enhance the individual group attachment,internalize the self image representation,enhance the prestige of the position.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 西南大学
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