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袓辈教养方式与学前留守儿童情绪调节能力的相关研究

【作者】 隗代焱

【导师】 阳泽;

【作者基本信息】 西南大学, 学前教育学, 2018, 硕士

【摘要】 随着我国不断发展,大量劳动人员逐渐向外地转移,多数人选择将子女留在家乡,托付给其亲戚或好友抚养,形成了一个特殊的群体--留守儿童,其数量也在不断增长中。由于缺乏稳定的亲子交往,留守儿童心理问题,特别是情绪问题日益凸显。受到人口老龄化和传统文化的影响,祖辈承担教养孙辈责任的情况在我国明显增多,过半数的留守儿童也主要是跟(外)祖父母一起生活。本研究从学前留守儿童祖辈教养人的角度出发,考察祖辈作为幼儿的“代理父母”,其教养方式的特点以及与学前留守儿童情绪调节能力的关系,希望能为留守儿童隔代教育提供参考。本研究采用自编的《祖辈教养方式问卷》和修编的《留守幼儿情绪调节问卷》,对四川、重庆两地211名学前留守儿童的(外)祖父母进行问卷调查,采用SPSS17.0对数据进行统计分析。本研究所得的结论主要有:(1)自编《祖辈教养方式问卷》包含3个维度,分别为教养细心、教养简洁、教养支持。数据分析结果表明,问卷具有较好的信、效度。(2)根据这3个维度,将祖辈教养方式划分为四种类型,分别为:中间型、忽视型、温暖型、干涉型。中间型祖辈人数最多,干涉型祖辈最少。(3)学前留守儿童祖辈教养的总体水平在中等临界水平之上。祖辈教养方式三个维度当中,教养细心得分最高,教养支持次之,教养简洁得分最低。(4)男性祖辈在教养简洁上的得分显著高于女性祖辈;初中学历祖辈在教养细心上的得分显著高于小学学历祖辈;初中学历祖辈在教养简洁上的得分显著高于小学学历祖辈。(5)学前留守儿童情绪调节能力的总体水平处于中等临界水平之上,情绪调节能力的两个维度中,情绪调节性得分高于情绪稳定性。(6)学前留守儿童情绪调节能力随年龄的增长而发展,中班和大班留守儿童情绪调节能力显著高于小班留守儿童,中班和大班留守儿童情绪调节能力的情绪调节性显著优于小班留守儿童。(7)祖辈教养方式对学前留守儿童情绪调节能力有预测作用,祖辈教养细心、教养简洁、教养支持对学前留守儿童情绪稳定性有显著正向预测能力,教养细心、教养支持对学前留守儿童情绪调节性有显著正向预测能力。(8)不同祖辈教养类型的学前留守儿童情绪调节能力的差异显著,温暖型最高,忽视型最低。

【Abstract】 In China,with the transformation of social development and the changes in family structure,tens of thousands of parents leave their hometown to peruse a job.As a result,lots of children live without their parents,and the number of these children is also increasing.Due to the lack of stable parent-child interaction,left-behind children’s psychological problem,especially emotional problem is becoming prominent day by day.Influenced by traditional culture and aging society,the number of grandparents who raise their grandchildren increasing rapidly in recent year,over 50% left-behind children are living with their grandparents.From the perspective of grandparents,who are the surrogate parents of left-behind children,this research aims at exploring the characteristics of grandparenting style and the relationship with children’s emotional regulation ability,hoping to provide some reference for inter-generational education.This research used the questionnaire investigated 211 grandparents of left-behind children in Sichuan and Chongqing,editing grandparent-rearing pattern questionnaire and Emotional Regulation Questionnaire.Using SPSS17.0 to analyze the data.The main results of this research are:“The Grandparenting Style Questionnaire” contains 17 items 3 factors: bring up carefully,bring upconcisely,and bring up supportively.By inspecting the internal consistency of the questionnaire,the internal reliability,internal consistency validity,structural validity and other indicators,it has been improved that this questionnaire has a good reliability and validity.Therefore,“The Grandparenting Style Questionnaire” can be applied certainly in China for investigating left-behind children situation.According to the three factors,there are four grandparenting styles: average type,neglect type,emotional warmth type,and intervention type.Average type grandparents are the most;intervention type grandparents are the least.The overall level of granparenting for preschool left-behind children is in the medium above the critical level.Among the three factors,bring up carefully get the highest score,bring up concisely lowest.There is no significant difference of grandparenting style in household registration,age,health condition,and rearing grandchildren alone.The scores of male grandparents are higher than female grandparents in bring up concisely.And the scores of grandparents of junior high school degree is higher significantly than the grandparents of primary school education in two factors – bring up carefully and bring up concisely.The overall level of emotional regulation ability of preschool left-behind children is in the medium above the critical level.Between the two factors of emotional regulation ability,emotional regulation gets the higher scores than emotional liability.The ability of emotional regulation of preschool left-behind children is developing with the age increasing;the middle and top class children’ emotion regulation ability is significantly higher than the bottom class children.There are significant differences in the ability of emotional regulation between the pre-school children of different grandparenting style,emotional warmth type is the highest,and the neglect type is the lowest.Bring up carefully,bring up supportively and bring up concisely have significant relation with the ability of emotional regulation.Bring up carefully,bring up supportively and bring up concisely have significant relation with the emotional instability.Bring up carefully,bring up supportively have significant relation with the emotional regulation.The grandparenting style has impact on emotional regulation ability of left-behind children.Bring up carefully,bring up supportively and bring up concisely have significant prediction ability to the emotional liability.Bring up carefully,bring up supportively have signification prediction ability to the emotional regulation.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 西南大学
  • 【分类号】G78;B844.1
  • 【下载频次】1625
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