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民俗文化资源的可持续利用研究 ——以泸沽湖地区摩梭民俗文化为例

【作者】 王力尉

【导师】 周世祥;

【作者基本信息】 成都理工大学, 科学技术哲学, 2014, 硕士

【副题名】以泸沽湖地区摩梭民俗文化为例

【摘要】 民俗是一个国家或民族中广大人民群众所创造、享用和传承的生活文化。它起源于人类社会群体生活的需要,在特定的民族、时代和地域中不断形成、扩布和演变,为民众的日常生活服务。民俗文化依附于人的生活、习惯、情感与信仰产生的一种社会性的趋同性生活模式,经过历史的积淀而成。 民俗文化是社会文化的基础性资源,以传统的非正式的形式流传和保存下来的某一社会的文化,是一个地域、民族或族群经过长时间的累积、传播、吸取和改造之后,形成的相对稳定的生活方式或表达方式,具有地域性、稳定性、传承性、可再生性等特点。 中国民俗是中华民族传统文化的重要载体,它传承着我们民族数千年以来延续至今的文化血脉。我国是个历史悠久、拥有多民族组成的国家,拥有丰富多彩的民俗文化。现代社会发展相当迅猛,不同国家地区、不同民族的经济、文化交往日益增多,各种文化相互渗透、相互影响的作用加强。在当前世界经济一体化和文化趋同化大潮的冲击下,多种民俗文化正以惊人的速度遭到有史以来最大的破坏。如果不加以保护使之可持续利用,一些民族的民俗文化就会逐渐走向趋同,甚至消亡。利用和保护好民俗文化资源,对于继承和发扬民族优秀文化传统、增进民族团结、增强民族自信和凝聚力、促进社会主义精神文明建设都具有重要而深远的意义。面对我国多民族文化的特点,如何合理地利用我们的民俗文化,如何使我们民族优秀的文化传统在新形势下得以延续和健康发展,最终走上可持续利用的良性循环道路,这已经成为摆在我们这一代人面前的一个不容忽视的课题。 地处川滇交界处的泸沽湖风景名胜区,以独特的摩梭母系氏族文化和优美的山水自然景观享誉中外。现居住于此的摩梭人是全世界唯一存在的母系氏族社会,实行“男不娶,女不嫁”的走婚制度。近年来,随着世界经济一体化的迅猛发展,泸沽湖地区的经济、文化、社会生活等有了显著的提高,当地丰富的民俗文化得到一定程度的开发和利用。但在开发利用的过程中,由于盲目地开发,造成民俗文化资源的破坏严重,对于文化的保护及利用无法可依,人们的保护意识淡薄、唯利是图,加之受到各种外来文化的冲击,传统摩梭民俗文化受到了前所未有的巨大冲击。因此,加快民俗文化保护与传承,推动当地民俗文化资源的可持续利用,已成为一项刻不容缓的任务。与此同时,必须以保护为前提,合理的开发利用。本文以泸沽湖摩梭文化为例,从民俗学、资源学、资源经济学的角度对民俗文化的保护和传承提出意见及建议,以达到为我国民俗文化的保护及利用献计献策的目的。

【Abstract】 Folk is a national or ethnic origin of the broad masses of the people to create, enjoy life and culture and heritage. It originated in the living needs of human society groups, evolving in a specific ethnic group, time and place, spreading and evolution, and to improving people’s daily lives. The folk culture dependent on people’s lives, habits, emotions and beliefs arising from the convergence of a social lifestyle, history, heritage made.Folk culture is the basis of the socio-cultural resources, traditional informal form of spread and preservation of the culture of a society is a regional, national or ethnic accumulate over time, disseminate, absorb and transform, formedrelatively stable lifestyle or expression, regional stability, heritage, renewable and other characteristics.Chinese folklore is an important carrier of the traditional culture of the Chinese nation, and that tradition continues to this day our nation for thousands of years since the cultural vein. China is a long history and multi-ethnic country with a variety of folk culture. The very rapid development of modern society, the increasing number of different countries and regions, different ethnic groups, economic and cultural exchanges, mutual penetration of various cultures, strengthen mutual influence. The impact of the current world economic integration and cultural convergence tide, a variety of folk culture was the largest ever damage at an alarming rate. If left unprotected to make sustainable use of some ethnic folk culture will gradually move toward convergence, even die. Use and protection of the good folk culture resources, inherit and carry forward the fine national cultural traditions, promote national unity, and enhance national self-confidence and cohesion, and promote the building of socialist spiritual civilization has important and far-reaching significance. The face of China’s multi-ethnic cultural characteristics, how rational use of our folk culture, how to make our nation’s fine cultural traditions continue and be healthy development in the new situation, and finally embarked on a virtuous cycle of sustainable use of road, it has becomeplaced in front of our generation can not be ignored issue.Lugu Lake scenic area is located at the junction of Sichuan and Yunnan, unique Mosuo matriarchal culture and beautiful landscape natural landscape renowned Chinese and foreign. The Mosuo people are now living in this world’s only matriarchal society, the implementation of "a man not to marry, women do not marry" walking marriage system.In recent years, with the rapid development of world economic integration, the Lugu Lake region’s economic, cultural and social life have been significantly improved, the local rich folk culture is a certain degree of development and utilization. But in the process of development and utilization of the blind development, resulting in the destruction of the folk culture resources, no legal basis for the protection and utilization of cultural protection awareness is weak, mercenary, coupled by the various impact of foreign culture, traditional Morgan Stanleythe shuttle folk culture has been tremendous and unprecedented impact. Therefore, accelerating the Protection and Inheritance of folk culture, to promote the sustainable use of resources of the local folk culture, has become an urgent task. At the same time, to protect the premise of reasonable development and utilization. Moso culture, for example, comments and suggestions from the of folklore resources science, resource economics point of view on the protection of folk culture and heritage, in order to achieve the purpose of brainstorming for the protection and utilization of China’s folk culture.

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 成都理工大学
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