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民办幼儿园教师激励策略研究

【作者】 耿晓鸫

【导师】 兰哲;

【作者基本信息】 北京交通大学, 工商管理硕士(专业学位), 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 学前教育是我国基础教育的重要组成部分,也是学校教育和终身教育的奠基阶段。《国家中长期教育改革和发展规划纲要(2010-2020年)》指出,国家以促进教育公平为重点,坚持教育的公益性和普惠性,科学的提出了基本普及学前教育的发展任务。坚持政府主导、社会参与、公办与民办并举,鼓励社会力量以多种形式举办幼儿园。高质量的学前教育是幼儿健康成长的重要保证,影响民办幼儿园教育质量的关键因素是幼儿教师队伍的素质与水平。近年来,民办幼儿园虽然在发展速度与规模上呈现出良好的发展态势,但是在教师队伍建设上却呈现出很多问题。尤其是民办幼儿园教师队伍极其不稳定的现象突出,教师流失率高直接影响教育质量的提高,笔者作为一名民办幼儿园园长,对此深有体会。激励是组织管理的灵魂,科学的激励方式对激发人的主观能动性与创造性很有成效。本研究共选取10所民办幼儿园作为研究样本,通过问卷调查、访谈、观察等形式进行深入研究,并结合自身工作经验,了解当前民办幼儿园教师的流失率与激励需求,分析研究其中存在的问题及其影响因素,并提出改进的措施,希望能够有效降低教师流失率,促进民办幼儿园健康、持续的发展。本研究主要分为五个章节:第一章首先提出问题,结合当下“入园难”的前提背景提出民办幼儿园教师激励策略的重要性及紧迫性,随后阐述了本次研究的理论及实际意义,对研究的具体内容和方法做出说明,最后对案例现状及存在的问题做出相关介绍。第二章为文献综述部分,重点对国外和国内在教师“激励”方面的研究进行梳理和总结,对现有的重要研究理论和成果进行借鉴。第三章主要内容是对当前民办幼儿园教师的流失率进行调查和分析,总结影响教师流动的因素及其规律性。第四章首先从物质需求和精神需求两个方面对民办幼儿园教师激励需求进行调查和分析,同时对当前激励现状的满意度进行调查,找出存在的问题,并对其影响因素进行归纳和总结。第五章内容是对本次研究的总结,结合影响民办幼儿园教师流失率的相关因素和民办幼儿园教师对于不同激励方式的需求现状,从不同角度提出改进和完善措施,希望借助合理的激励策略达到降低教师流失率并提高教育质量的效果。

【Abstract】 Preschool education is an important part of basic education, and it is the foundation stage of school education and lifelong education in our country. The State-and long term educational reform and development plan (2010-2020) "pointed out that countries to promote the education fair as the focus, adhere to the education of public welfare and inclusive, science put forward the basic universal preschool education development tasks. Adhere to the government led, social participation, public and private simultaneously, to encourage social forces to hold a variety of forms of kindergarten. High quality education is an important guarantee for the healthy growth of children, and the key factor that affects the quality of the private kindergarten education is the overall quality and level of the kindergarten teachers. In recent years, although the development speed and scale of private kindergarten has shown a good development trend, but in the construction of teachers, there are many problems. Especially in the private kindergarten teachers extremely unstable phenomenon is outstanding, the loss of teachers directly influences the quality of education improved rate, as the a private kindergarten, have a deep understanding about it. Incentive is the soul of the organization and management, and scientific motivation is quite effective to stimulate the initiative and creativity of the people. This study selected 10 private kindergarten as research samples, through questionnaires, interviews, observation and other forms of in-depth study, combined with their own work experience, understand the current private kindergarten teachers flow rate and incentive demand, analysis of existing problems and influencing factors of proposed improvement measures, hope to promote private kindergarten healthy and sustainable development.This study is divided into five chapters:The first chapter put forward the question at first, private kindergarten teachers incentive strategy of the importance and urgency of proposed according to the current "into the park difficult" of the background, and then elaborated on the theoretical and practical significance, and finally the specific ideas and research methods.The second chapter is the literature review, focusing on the domestic and foreign research in the "incentive" to sort out the existing important research theory and achievements for reference.The third chapter mainly analyzes the current situation of the loss rate of private kindergarten teachers, and makes a regular summary of the factors that affect the flow of teachers.The fourth chapter first from two aspects of material and spiritual needs of kindergarten teacher of run by the local people incentive needs carries on the investigation and the analysis, then on current motivation status of satisfaction survey and analysis, find out the existing problems and the influencing factors were summarized and concluded.In the fifth chapter, combined with the impact of related factors on the rate of loss of kindergarten teacher of run by the local people and private kindergarten teachers for the status of the different needs of the incentive, from different angles, put forward measures to improve and perfect, hope that through reasonable incentive strategy to reduce the turnover rate and improve the effect of the quality of education.

【关键词】 民办幼儿园流失率教师激励
【Key words】 private kindergartenattritionteacher incentive
  • 【网络出版投稿人】 北京交通大学
  • 【分类号】G615
  • 【被引频次】11
  • 【下载频次】1011
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