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城市建成区小学教育设施布局优化研究 ——以宝鸡市上马营片区为例

【作者】 王家豪

【导师】 井晓鹏;

【作者基本信息】 长安大学, 城乡规划学, 2017, 硕士

【副题名】以宝鸡市上马营片区为例

【摘要】 近年来,随着城市的不断发展和扩张,城市空间与以小学为代表的城市基础教育设施出现了发展不协调的现象。传统基础教育设施配置主要是根据住区规模分级配置,而在当今市场经济体制下,传统的居住区分级模式正在逐步丧失,使得现有的基础教育设施配置已缺乏科学的依据,因而基础教育设施配布局要需要更加科学、更加与时俱进的配置理论和方法引入。结合教育设施和GIS空间分析等基础理论,对城市建成区现状基础教育设施小学的布局优化展开研究,试图厘清当前基础教育设施小学配置的相关标准及其依据,揭示当前城市基础教育设施发展的困境及其原因,建立基于引力多边形模型的布局评价方法,并以宝鸡市上马营片区小学为实例,验证研究结果,为上马营片区小学布局优化提出建议。首先,通过整理现有阶段关于以小学为主的基础教育设施布局的相关研究,找准研究的方向和重点解决问题,为本文写作奠定理论基础。其次,从规划和实施两个层面对城市基础教育设施面临的困境进行了归纳总结,并对其原因进行了分析。第三,结合城市规划中新技术的应用,建立基于引力模型和Voronoi多边形的城市基础教育设施的评价方法,形成本文研究的方法体系。第四,通过对宝鸡市上马营片区小学布局的实例分析,验证上述评价方法,并实现其在实际中的应用。第五,对研究成果进行归纳总结,提出论文的未来展望。

【Abstract】 In recent years, with the continuous development and expansion of the city, it appears that the development of urban space and the elementary school as the representative of the urban basic education facilities is not coordinated. The traditional allocation of basic education facilities is based on the scale of residential area, under the current market economy system, the level structure in traditional residential area is gradually lost, which makes the basic education facilities have a lack of scientific basis. Thus the distribution of basic education facilities needs configuration theory and method of introduction which is more scientific, more advanced with the times.Combined with educational facilities and GIS spatial analysis and other basic theory, study on the layout optimization of elementary education facilities in urban built area, trying to clarify the current basic education facilities to configure primary standards and basis, reveals the dilemma of education development of the urban infrastructure and the reasons, the establishment of gravity polygon model layout evaluation method based on and in Baoji City launched a camp area elementary school as an example, validate the results of the study, horse camp area elementary school layout optimization suggestions, trying to clarify the current basic education facilities, the relevant standards and the basis of primary allocation, reveal the plight of the development of the current urban basic education facilities and its causes, a layout evaluation method based on gravity polygon model is established, and take Baoji city Horse Camp area primary school as an example, verify the results, put forward suggestions for the optimization of the layout of the primary school.First of all, by arranging the relevant research of the layout of the basic educational facilities in the current stage, identify the direction and focus of research to solve the problem, to lay the theoretical foundation for text writing. Secondly, to sum up from the plight of urban basic education facilities on the two layers of the planning and implementation, and the reasons are analyzed. Third, in combination with the application of new technology in urban planning, establish the evaluation method of urban basic education facilities based on gravity model and Voronoi polygon, form the method system of the research of this paper. Fourth, by the example of Baoji city Horse Camp area primary school, verify the above evaluation method, and realize its application in practice. Fifth, summarize the research results, and proposed the future prospects of the paper.

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 长安大学
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