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中学化学教学实验生活化的研究与开发

【作者】 潘樱

【导师】 郑柳萍;

【作者基本信息】 福建师范大学, 学科教学(化学)(专业学位), 2018, 硕士

【摘要】 化学是一门与生产生活息息相关的学科,“生活化”是中学化学教学实验在新课程背景下进行改革的特点和方向。着眼目前化学教学实验存在的问题和困境,本文以“中学化学教学实验生活化”为研究对象,从理论和实践两方面阐述了“为什么要将化学教学实验生活化”以及“如何将化学教学实验生活化”。本次研究的主要内容包括:结合国内外中学化学实验生活化的研究现状、以相关理论为依据、通过问卷调查的形式了解化学教学实验生活化目前在中学的实施情况,阐述了中学化学教学实验生活化的必要性。在中学化学实验研究的基础上,给出了“化学教学实验生活化”的具体定义,提出化学教学实验的生活化开发应符合科学性原则、可操作性原则、生活性原则、趣味性原则和安全性原则,介绍了进行化学教学实验生活化开发可采取的策略有实验仪器药品生活化、实验方案设计生活化及实验原理应用生活化。基于上述化学教学实验开发原则,提供了采用不同的开发策略所得到的开发实例4例,对每一开发实例进行了详细的阐述和分析评价。经研究得出,化学教学实验生活化是符合教育理论和教学规律的,在当下实际教学中实施实验生活化的改进或开发是十分必要的,其优势在于能够充分激发学生的学习兴趣,增强教学实验的可操作性,在一定程度上弥补了教材编写中的局限性。

【Abstract】 Chemistry is a subject,which is closely associated with production and daily life,while "life-based" chemical teaching experiment in middle school is the feature and direction of teaching reform under the background of new curriculum standard.Focusing on the existing problems and plights in chemical teaching experiment,it both theoretically and practically explains the reasons why it is necessary to carry out "life-based" chemical teaching experiment as well as how to carry out it,with "life-based chemical teaching experiment in middle school" as the object of the research in this paper.The main content of this research includes:knowing about the current situation of life-based chemical teaching experiment implementation in middle school by means of questionnaire survey,based on the research status of this topic at home and abroad as well as the related theories,and then setting forth the necessity of life-based chemical teaching experiment implementation in middle school.On the basis of the study about chemical experiment in middle school,it provides the specific definition of "life-based chemical teaching experiment" and mentions that the development and research of "life-based chemical teaching experiment" shall conform to the principles of scientificity,operability,life-based,interestingness and safety,it also introduces several measures which could be adopted for the development and research of "life-based chemical teaching experiment",including life-based experimental apparatus and supplies,life-based experimental design scheme as well as life-based application of experimental principle.Based on the above-mentioned principles for the development and research of chemical teaching experiment,it describes four development cases obtained by using different development strategies,and each case is expounded,analyzed and evaluated in details.The study concludes that life-based chemical teaching experiment accords with educational theory and teaching rules,it is very necessary to improve or develop life-based chemical teaching experiment in the actual process of teaching,its advantage lies in the fact that it can arouse students’ interest and motivation in learning,make teaching experiment more operable,and therefore it is an effective way to make up for the limitations in textbook compilation to some extent.

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 福建师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.8
  • 【下载频次】276
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