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基于家庭结构的学生家长出行方式选择研究

【作者】 林强

【导师】 姚志刚;

【作者基本信息】 长安大学, 交通运输规划与管理, 2018, 硕士

【摘要】 出行行为分析是基于出行习惯的个体出行行为研究,在交通需求管理领域具有重要作用。出行者在出行过程中会根据个人意愿、个人偏好、个人的经济社会属性并受到家庭属性潜移默化的影响对各种交通方式进行比选。家庭结构是家庭属性的重要体现,影响家庭成员在生计、家务、休闲等活动中的选择,进而影响外出的活动趋势。出行作为派生性需求,不可避免的受到了家庭结构的影响。由于家庭成员要承担家庭任务与家务活动,因此家庭结构对成年人的影响远比未成年人要大。针对学生家庭而言,对不同家庭结构条件下的家长出行方式选择行为进行专门研究具有重要的现实意义。本文以学生家庭的家庭结构为分析框架,对不同家庭结构的家长出行方式选择行为进行研究,在居民出行调查数据统计分析的基础上结合MNL模型构建学生家长出行方式选择模型,分析不同家庭结构条件下各类影响因素对学生家长出行方式选择的具体影响。研究发现,在不同家庭结构条件的约束下,家长出行方式选择的影响因素与影响水平均有所不同,出行方式选择特性呈现出不同的特点。

【Abstract】 Travel behavior analysis is based on the travel habits of individual travel behavior research,it has an important role in traffic demand management.Travelers in the course of travel will chose travel mode based on individual wishes,personal preferences,personal economic and social attributes and family property Family structure is an important manifestation of family attributes,affecting family members in the livelihoods,housework,leisure and other activities in the choice,and thus affect the activities out of home.Travel as a derivative demand,inevitably affected by the family structure.Since the family members are responsible for family tasks and household chores,the family structure has a greater impact on adults than on minors.It is of great practical significance to study the travel behavior of parents in different family structure for students’ families.This article studies parents’ behavior of travel mode choice based on different family structures,constructs the model of parents’ travel mode choice by MNL model and residents’ travel survey data to analyze the impact of various factors on the way parents choose travel mode.It is found that under the constraints of different family structure conditions,the influencing factors of travel mode choice and the influence level are different,and the selection characteristics of travel mode show different characteristics.

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 长安大学
  • 【分类号】U491
  • 【被引频次】2
  • 【下载频次】225
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