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母语负迁移在初中英语写作中的研究

【作者】 刘海螺

【导师】 孙宏;

【作者基本信息】 长春理工大学, 外国语言文学, 2018, 硕士

【摘要】 母语作为影响第二语言习得的重要因素,一直是国内外研究的热点之一。而由于母语(汉语)和第二语言(英语)的差异,在二语习得过程中产生的影响便称为母语负迁移现象。写作能力是第二语言习得过程的重要组成部分,然而,我国的中学生是在对母语有一定的掌握之后才开始学习英语,因而他们在英语写作过程中不可避免的受到母语负迁移的影响。本研究以长春市大桥外国语学校,初中二年级5个班级的学生为对象,通过收集学生作文样本、问卷调查以及访谈的形式就母语负迁移对中学生写作能力的影响进行了分析。调查结果显示:母语负迁移主要影响初中生写作过程的词汇、句法、语篇及文化方面。而对这几个方面的影响严重地阻碍了学生英语写作水平的提高。本论文基于一系列的实证研究,制定出相应的措施,意在克服母语负迁移对中学生英语写作的影响,提高其英语写作的能力。

【Abstract】 As an important factor of second language acquisition,the mother tongue has been one of the hottest topics for international and domestic research.Because of the differences between the mother tongue(Chinese)and the second language(English),the influence in the process of second language acquisition is called the phenomenon of negative transfer of mother tongue.As we all know,writing ability is an important part of second language acquisition.However,junior middle school students in China start to learn English only after they have mastered the mother tongue,therefore,their writing process is inevitably affected by the negative transfer of mother tongue.This research took Grade two students who were from five classes at Daqiao Foreign Language School in Changchun city as objects and analyzed the negative transfer of mother tongue on writing ability of middle school students through students’ composition samples,questionnaires and interview.The findings showed that the negative transfer of mother tongue mainly affected junior middle school students’ writing process in these aspects,that is,vocabulary,syntax,discourse and culture.And this phenomenon is a serious impediment to the improvement of students’ English writing ability.The thesis takes a series of effective measures based on a series of errors of studies’ compositions so that it can improve the English writing ability of middle school students.

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 长春理工大学
  • 【分类号】G633.41
  • 【下载频次】278
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