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通用教育者信息的建模和标准化研究

【作者】 辛雨菡

【导师】 王晓军;

【作者基本信息】 北京邮电大学, 教育技术学, 2019, 硕士

【摘要】 随着科学技术的进步,计算机产业的发展,互联网技术渐渐兴起,对社会的各行各业产生了强大的冲击,教育行业也不例外,形成了互联网+教育、大数据、人工智能、云计算多种新兴技术并存的教育新时代。而教育者作为教育教学的关键角色,对教学活动的实施有着非常重要的影响,有关教育者的信息属性更应引起我们的关注。然而,通过对国内外记录教育者信息的相关网站和文献进行调查,发现尚没有一个统一的标准和规范,对于教育者信息的定义缺乏科学性、规范性。对于教育者信息元素的界定、教育者信息模型还未形成统一认识,因而限制了我们对相关教育者信息的获取,限制了教育者和学生的个性化匹配、教学决策的制定以及对不同平台教育者信息数据的互操作等。因此,本研究期望在分析现有研究及相关网站的基础上,通过采用科学的方法,构建出一个通用的教育者信息模型,为教育管理者提供规范化的管理数据,为教育研究者提供规范化的研究数据,为各种教育系统的设计者提供教育者模型的指导。为了构建出科学、完善的教育者信息模型,本研究采用调查法、文献研究法、行动研究法多种研究方法,基于对涉及教育者信息属性的相关网站与相关文献的调查,对已有教育者信息属性的现状进行分析,寻找一个通用的教育者信息元数据模型和数据交换标准,初步确定了教育者信息属性的七大方面:教育者的个人信息、管理信息、执教信息、绩效信息、学术能力、关系信息、安全信息。同时,对于每一类信息进行细致性分解,构建出更加细致完善的框架,并且用UML类图对不同信息之间的联系进行明确的解释,从而形成一个完善的教育者信息模型。最后,本研究对教育者元素进行了相应的XML绑定描述,从而为教育者信息模型的实践推广提供了参考。

【Abstract】 With the advancement of science and technology,and the development of the computer industry,Internet technology is gradually rising,and it has had a strong impact on all walks of life in the society.The education industry is no exception,forming a new area of education in which Internet+education,big data,artificial intelligence and cloud computing are emerging.As a key role in education and teaching,facilitators have a very important in:fluence on the implementation of teaching activities.The information attributes of facilitators should attract our attention.However,after the investigation of relevant websites and literatures that record facilitator information at home and abroad,it is found that there is no uniform standard and norm,and the definition of facilitator information is not scientific and normative.For the definition of facilitator information metadata,the facilitator information model has not yet formed a unified understanding.Thus it limits our access to facilitators’ relevant information,limits the individualized matching of facilitators and students,the formulation of teaching decisions,and the interoperability of facilitators’information and data on different platforms.Therefore,based on the analysis of existing research and related websites,this study hopes to construct a general educator information model by using scientific methods,provide standardized management data for educational administrators,provide standardized research for educational researchers,and provide model guidance of facilitators for various educational systems designer.In order to construct a scientific and perfect educator information model,this study uses various research methods,such as survey method,literature research method and action research method to analyze the current status of existing teacher information attributes based on the investigation of related websites and related documents involving teacher information attributes,and to find a general educator information metadata model and data exchange standards,then we have initially identified seven aspects of teacher information attributes:facilitator’s personal information,management information,coaching information,performance information,academic ability,relationship information,and security information.At the same time,each type of information is deconstructed in detail,a more detailed framework is constructed,and the UML class diagram is used to clearly explain the relationship between different information,thus forming a comprehensive universal facilitator information model.Finally,the study has carried out the corresponding XML binding description of the teacher element,thus provided a reference for the practice of the teacher information model.

【关键词】 教育者信息模型UML类图XML绑定
【Key words】 facilitatorinformation modelUML class diagramXML binding
  • 【网络出版投稿人】 北京邮电大学
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