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青少年公益性托管项目发展策略 ——基于程序逻辑模式的探析

【作者】 付丽欢

【导师】 顾永红;

【作者基本信息】 华中师范大学, 社会工作, 2019, 硕士

【副题名】基于程序逻辑模式的探析

【摘要】 近年来,青少年托管需求逐渐成为父母所关注的问题,青少年托管机构复杂多样,收费标准高低不一。其中受到社会普遍欢迎的青少年公益性托管项目,免费为社区青少年服务,得到了青少年及其家长的一致好评。自2014年国家颁布鼓励青少年社会工作队伍的发展政策以来,青少年公益性托管班逐渐引入专业社会工作者,社会工作者成为了托管中的组织者和管理者。社会工作具有自己独特的价值体系和实务方法,以青少年的需求为出发点,针对性的制定具体可行的服务方案,运用社会工作专业方法开展服务,满足青少年的需求。但是,青少年公益性托管项目并没有形成完善的运行机制,发展中凸显出经费物资不足、社工专业能力不足、社工工作压力较大等问题。为了让青少年公益性托管项目得以长远发展,需要对其发展策略进行探讨。本文从社会工作的角度,以武汉市N青少年空间的青少年暑期社区托管项目为例,运用程序逻辑模式为研究视角,结合文献回顾法、参与观察法和实地访谈法;从社会工作者服务的处境分析、服务的理论基础、项目的资源投放、服务产出、服务成效以及外在环境因素六个方面,对N青少年空间的青少年暑期社区托管项目进行系统、逻辑性的分析。研究发现,青少年暑期托管项目存在经费物资不足、活动场地空间较小、大学生志愿者投入度较低、社工专业能力不足、活动服务记录不规范等问题。笔者根据托管班存在的问题提出相应的解决对策。另外,对青少年公益性托管项目是否满足了青少年及其家长的真实需求、公益性托管项目是否应适当收费、如何发挥社工在托管中的作用进行了反思,得出青少年公益性托管项目仅满足了青少年被照顾、课业辅导最基本的需求,在能力提升、知识拓展等需求方面,是否被满足体现不显著;公益性托管项目应适当收取费用,增加托管班物资的来源渠道;应从完善机构招聘制度、提高社会工作者的专业能力、加强对一线社工的督导、运用社会工作专业方法和程序逻辑模式开展服务五个方面,发挥社会工作者在公益性托管项目中的作用。最后从政府、社会工作、高校、托管班等方面,提出青少年公益性托管项目有效长远的发展策略。

【Abstract】 In recent years,the teenagers hosting requirements gradually become parents’concerns,teenagers custodian complex,different charging standard.Among them,public welfare custody for teenagers,which is widely welcomed by the society,provides free services for community teenagers,and has been praised by teenagers and their parents.In 2014,our country published the policy to encourage the development of adolescent social work team,the professional social workers has been gradually introduced to the teenagers nonprofit managed class.And the social workers become the organizers and managers in the host.Social work has its own unique value system and practical methods.Starting from the needs of young people,social work aims to formulate specific and feasible service plans and use professional methods of social work to provide services and meet the needs of young people.However,the public welfare trust for young people has not formed a complete operating mechanism,and the development problems has been highlighted such as insufficient funds and materials,insufficient professional ability of social workers,and great pressure on social workers.In order to make the long-term development of the public welfare custody project for young people,we need to discuss its development strategy.From the perspective of social work,this paper takes the summer youth community hosting project of N Youth Space in Wuhan city as an example,USES the procedural logic model as the research perspective,and it combines the literature review method,participation observation method and field interview method.From the analysis of social workers’service situation,the theoretical basis of service,project resource allocation,service output,service effect and external environmental factors,this paper makes a systematic and logical analysis of the summer youth community custody project of N Youth Space.The study found that there were some problems in summer youth care programs,such as insufficient funds and materials,small space for activities,low involvement of college student volunteers,insufficient professional ability of social workers,and irregular service records of activities.The author puts forward corresponding solutions to the problems existing in the trusteeship class.In addition,this paper reflects on whether the public welfare custody of teenagers really meets the needs of teenagers and their parents,whether the public welfare custody should charge,and how to play the role of social workers in the custody.It is concluded that the public welfare trusteeship only meets the most basic needs of young people to be taken care of and schoolwork guidance,and whether the needs are met in ability improvement and k:nowledge development is not significant.Public welfare trust should charge appropriate fees and increase the trust class material source channels.The role of social workers in trusteeship should be brought into play from the following five aspects:perfecting the institution recruitment system,improving the professional ability of social workers,strengthening the supervision of front-line social workers,and using social work professional methods to provide services.At last,it puts forward effective and long-term development strategy from the government,social work,colleges and universities.

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华中师范大学
  • 【分类号】D632.9
  • 【被引频次】4
  • 【下载频次】203
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