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校园安全问题与管理对策研究 ——以深圳市南山区中小学为例

【作者】 张颖奇

【导师】 张清华;

【作者基本信息】 华中师范大学, 公共管理(专业学位), 2019, 硕士

【副题名】以深圳市南山区中小学为例

【摘要】 随着我国社会转型的速度越来越快,国内的经济水平不断提高,社会呈现出繁荣和谐的发展趋势。但校园公共安全问题仍然较为突出,始终是社会群众讨论的热点问题。孩子们的健康成长关系着每个家庭,影响着整个社会的稳定和谐。目前,社会资源投入有限、缺乏相关科学管理体制等等与日益增长的校园安全需求的矛盾需要迫不及待得到解决。西方许多国家在早期就开始了关于中小学校园公共安全管理的理论探讨和实践讨论,基本形成较为成熟的管理体系。但国内关于校园公共安全的管理研究起步比较晚。随着我国社会的发展以及校园安全问题的日益突出,国内学者也逐渐投入到校园安全管理的研究中。例如,丁辉和刘静华在其著作《中小学生安全问题的思考》中提出学生的安全问题应该包括财产安全、卫生安全、运动安全、人身安全、饮食安全等安全问题;赵耀,李雪梅提出校园安全法制需要完善等等。但现有的研究成果大多集中在校园安全的管理责任、重要性、应对方法、工作措施以及治安应对等方面,没有深入研究校园安全产生的根源,也没有提出具体有效的解决方案。此外,有关研究没有结合我国校园安全的现状,建立有针对性的校园安全管理制度。本文运用中小学校园公共安全管理相关理论知识,对校园公共安全管理概念进行定义。通过问卷调查法、访谈法了解深圳市南山区中小学校园安全管理的现状,并对校园安全管理进行必要的分析,借鉴国外校园公共安全管理成功经验,针对目前的深圳市南山区中小学校园安全管理水平提出对策。为该地区的校园安全管理工作实施提供理论基础以及校园管理具体建议,以促进该地区校园安全管理的升级,保障学生的各项安全,推动深圳南山区校园教育事业的稳步上升。此外,本课题的研究成果也能够为我国各地区的校园安全管理办法提供参考建议,全面提升我国校园安全管理水平。本研究主要分为六部份,第一章是绪论,主要阐述了研究背景和研究意义、文献综述、研究内容和写作框架、研究技术应用和理论;第二章主要分析了校园安全管理相关理论及意义,;第三章为通过访谈、开展调查问卷分析等实证研究方法,论述了深圳市南山区中小学校公共管理的现状、存在的问题及原因分析,分别从政府、社会、学校及家庭等四个层面分析不足之处并进行反思;第四章论述了关于校园公共安全国外管理的成功经验借鉴;第五章分别从政府、社会、学校及家庭这四个方面为深圳南山区各中小学学生安全管理提供应对方案;第六章为结论与展望。

【Abstract】 With China’s reform and opening up and social transformation,the domestic economic level has been continuously improved,and the society has presented a prosperous and harmonious development trend.Children are the pillars of the motherland and the hope of the country.The healthy growth of children is related to every family.The stability of campus security order can improve the overall order of social and public security.However,the conflict between the limited investment of social resources,the lack of relevant scientific management system and the growing campus security needs to be dealt with as soon as possible,and a sound campus securityMany western countries started the theoretical discussion and practical discussion on student campus safety management long ago,and the relevant theories have been relatively perfect,but domestic research on campus public safety management started relatively late.With the development of the society,domestic scholars are gradually engaged in the research of campus safety management.For example,ding hui and liu jinghua proposed that students’ safety should involve food safety,property safety,sports safety,health safety,personal safety and other safety issues.Zhao yao and li xuemei put forward that the legal system of campus security needs to be improved and so on.But the existing studies mostly focus on the campus safety management responsibility,importance,coping methods,measures and response to public security work,there is no in-depth study of the root causes of campus safety and effective solutions,in addition,no combined with the present situation of our campus security to targeted the establishment of perfect system of campus safety management.The research object of this topic is the current situation of-campus security mana,gement in nanshan district,shenzhen.It mainly provides the theoretical basis for the implementation of campus security management in this area and the specific content of the implementation of campus security management system,so as to promote the upgrading of campus security management in this area.To ensure the safety of students and promote the campus education in nanshan district,shenzhen.In addition,the research results can also provide Suggestions for the systematic management of campus security in various regions of China,and comprehensively improve the domestic campus security management system.This research is divided into six parts.The first chapter is the introduction,which mainly describes the research significance and background,literature review,research content and route,research technology application and theory.The second chapter mainly analyzes the relevant theories and significance of campus security management;Chapter three discusses the current situation,existing problems and causes of public management of primary and secondary schools in nanshan district,shenzhen city by means of interview,questionnaire analysis and other empirical research methods.It analyzes the deficiencies from four aspects including government,society,school and family and reflects on them.Chapter four discusses the successful experience of foreign management of campus public security.Chapter five provides solutions for the safety management of primary and secondary school students in nanshan district of shenzhen from four aspects:government,society,family and campus.Chapter six is the conclusion and prospect.

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华中师范大学
  • 【分类号】D631.4;G637.4
  • 【被引频次】2
  • 【下载频次】468
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