【作者基本信息】 陕西师范大学， 教育硕士（专业学位）， 2019， 硕士
【Abstract】 In the latest high school geography curriculum standards promulgated in 2017.it is mentioned that we should pay attention to the exploration of geographical issues,advocate students to learn independently,and actively carry out practical activities such as geographic observation,experiment,investigation and special research.The current educational hotspots focus on students as the main body and teachers as the guides.In this process,the requirements for students are gradually improved,and students must have a certain ability to learn independently.Students independently extract effective information,connect old and new know-ledge,establish their own know-ledge system,and truly realize the principle of taking students as the main body.In today’s era of knowledge explosion,information technology is developing at a high speed.Only with the ability to learn independently can we continuously improve ourselves and conform to the trend of the times.There are also many related researches on independentlearning,which show the importance of students’independent learning ability,but they focus on the characteristics,influencing factors and training measures of independent learning.Most of them focus on subjects with strong logic such as mathematics and physics,and the related research in high school geography accounts for a small number.Specific measures for students’ independent learning ability remain to be studied.In this context,a well-designed questionnaire is used to investigate the current situation of high school students in geography learning.Using the mathematical statistics method to analyze the questionnaire information,get feedback information;consult relevant literature materials,communicate with school teachers and students,do a good lecture record,and then construct an effective geographic problem-based teaching strategy for the current situation;In the teaching of compulsory two of problem-based teaching,carry out experimental research,design corresponding teaching cases;set up experimental classes and control classes,adopt different teaching strategies,and implement teaching research;after staged teaching,based on high school students’autonomy Learning objectives,setting up assessments of independent learning scales,and interviewing students and comparing differences in performance for performance evaluation.Obtain the following conclusions:(1)A reasonable teaching strategy is constructed for the current students’ learning situation.The problem is defined and constructed according to different aspects,which are mainly divided into different actors,different sources,different learning methods and different ideas.The principles to be followed in proposing problem-based teaching mainly include adhering to the orientation of geographic core literacy,grasping the dynamics of the problem,embodying the subjectivity of students,clarifying the dominance of’teachers and the formation of attention evaluation.In the process of experimental teaching,the pre-reading is carried out,and the problems are created;the situation is created,the questions are raised;the ideas are searched,the problems are solved;the methods are found,the problems are broken;the framework is built,the questions are questioned;the steps are summarized and carefully evaluated.(2)Divide independent learning into four dimensions:self-awareness,inner learning motivation,learning strategy and will control.Different dimensions set corresponding problems to establish independent learning scales for evaluation.After one semester of experimental research,comparative analysis,Through the geographical problem-based teaching experimental class,the improvement of grades and the performance of thoughts and behaviors have changed.In the experimental research,it is concluded that geography-based teaching can improve the independent learning of high school students.(3)Suggest the following questions for the research:to clarify the purpose of geography;to create a geographical atmosphere,to promote geography learning;to be close to life,to return to textbooks;to change teaching concepts and to achieve core literacy.
- 【网络出版投稿人】 陕西师范大学