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大陆与台湾初中语文教材文言文选编比较研究 ——以部编本和康轩版为例

【作者】 杨思蒙

【导师】 李军亮;

【作者基本信息】 陕西师范大学, 教育硕士(专业学位), 2019, 硕士

【副题名】以部编本和康轩版为例

【摘要】 文言文蕴含着中华民族丰富的文化底蕴,是我国优秀传统文化的重要组成部分。文言文教学也是语文教学中不可或缺的重要部分,大陆与台湾有着共同的语言和文化背景,教材的编选也有着很大的相似之处。论文希望通过部编本与康轩版两套语文教材文言文选编的比较与借鉴,以期为语文教材发展提供更好的研究方向和研究思路。论文选取了“教育部编义务教育《语文》教科书”和康轩文教出版社初中《国文》教科书,对两套语文教材中文言文选编进行比较分析。采用文献分析法、比较分析法、统计分析法等研究方法,分别从文言文教材的纲领性文件《义务教育语文课程标准(201 1年版)》和《国民中小学九年一贯制课程纲要(语文学习领域)》、文言文选篇、助读系统和练习系统,这几部分进行比较研究。希望在比较中能够相互借鉴,取长补短,促进对传统文化的传承。第一部分为引言,介绍了本课题的选题缘由,并梳理两岸三地学者对语文教材、两岸纲领性课程文件、文言文教学的研究,确定了论文的研究对象、研究方法,对一些较为模糊的概念进行界定。第二部分对比分析大陆《义务教育语文课程标准(2011年版)》和台湾《国民中小学九年一贯课程纲要(语文领域)》中有关文言文的学习要求,根据两岸课程文件的比较,为两套教材文言文选编明确方向,提供理论基础。第三部分主要分析两岸教材文言义的选编情况。通过文言文选篇数量及比例、文言文选篇价值取向、文言文选篇的体裁、相同篇目及相同作者四个方面系统地分析两地教材在文言文选编方面的异同。结果显示,部编本教材的文言文选篇数量和选篇比例分布呈现不规律特点,康轩版教材文言文选篇数量和比例分布较为规律;两岸教材文言文选篇侧重个人价值取向,文章体裁偏向论说文和杂记文。第四部分对教材中文言文选篇的助读系统和练习系统进行分析,整理归纳两套教材助读系统和练习系统的构成要素和编排特色,选取两套教材中的相同篇目进行对比分析。研究发现,当前部编本与康轩版文言文助读系统相比内容差异较大,部编本可适当借鉴康轩版助读的编排体系,丰富教材的助读内容;部编本和康轩版文言文练习系统编排不同,部编本注重文言文记忆性作业考查,题型设计单一;康轩版教材注重文言语法知识考查,题型设计多样。第五部分立足于语文课程文件文言文学习要求、两套教材文言文的选编、助读系统和练习系统,分析部编本和康轩版教材文言文选编得失。对两岸文言文选编提出了建议:首先是完善课程标准,增强课标实际可操作性;其次是精选文言作品,兼顾各类内容;最后是完善导学系统,注重内容呈现;科学设计练习,提升综合能力。

【Abstract】 The classical Chinese represents the rich cultural heritage of the Chinese nation,which is an important part of Chinese excellent traditional culture.Classical Chinese teaching is also an indispensable part of Chinese teaching.The mainland and Taiwan share a common language and cultural background.In addition,they also enjoy great similarities in the selection of teaching materials.This paper aims to provide better research directions and research ideas for the development of Chinese textbooks through the comparison of the classical Chinese textbooks of Ministry of Education edition and Taiwan’s Kang Shuan edition.In the paper,the classical Chinese textbook selection issued by Ministry of Education for Compulsory Education and Chinese Language for the junior high school issued by Kang Shuan Culture and Education Publishing House have been compared and analyzed.The literature analysis method,comparative analysis method,statistical analysis method and other research method have been adopted to make comparisons from the perspectives of the programmatic document of classical Chinese textbooks Compulsory Education Chinese Curriculum Standards 2011 Edition,National Primary and Secondary Schools Nine-Year Consistent Curriculum Outline(Language Learning Area),the selection of classical Chinese texts,the help-reading system and exercise system.Through the comparison,it hopes that the two editions textbooks can learn from and complement on each other to promote the inheritance of traditional Chinese culture.The first part is the introduction.It introduces the research selected topic reason and carries out a systematic study of the researches on Chinese textbooks,curriculum documents and classical Chinese teaching by scholars from the Mainland,Taiwan and Hong Kong.In addition,it also determines the research object and research method of the paper and defined some fuzzy concepts.The second part compares and analysis the study requirements of the classical Chinese in Compulsory Education Chinese Curriculum Standards 2011 Edition in the mainland and National Primary and Secondary Schools Nine-Year Consistent Curriculum Outline(Language Learning Area)in Taiwan.According to the comparison of the documents issued by the mainland and Taiwan,it can define the direction of the two sets of textbooks and provide a theoretical basis.The third part mainly analysis the selections of classical Chinese textbook in Taiwan and the mainland.The similarities and differences in the selection of classical Chinese textbooks between the mainland and Taiwan are systematically analyzed from four aspects of the number and proportion,the value orientation,the genre,and the same articles and the same authors of classical Chinese texts.The results show that quantity and proportion distribution of classical Chinese texts issued by Ministry of Education is irregular,while the quantity and proportion distribution of the Kang Shuan edition textbooks is regular.However,The classical Chinese textbook selection both in Taiwan and the mainland focus on personal value orientation,and the genres of the articles tend to be the argumentative essays and miscellaneous essays.The fourth chapter analysis the help-reading system and exercise system of the classical Chinese textbook selection,and summarizes the components and features of the two editions help-reading system and exercise system.Besides,the same articles issued by the two editions textbooks are compared and analyzed.The study found that help-reading systems of the classical Chinese textbooks in the two editions are quietly different.The Ministry of Education edition can enrich the help-reading system by referring to Kang Shuan edition textbook.Besides,the exercise systems of the two editions are also different.The Ministry of Education edition pays attention to the memorization of the classical Chinese and the question types are single,while the Kang Shuan edition focuses on the grammar of the classical Chinese and the question types are various.The fifth part analysis the merit and demerit of the two editions based on the learning requirements,selections,help-reading system and exercise system of the tclassical Chinese textbooks,and puts some suggestions for the selection of classical Chinese texts in Taiwan and the mainland.Firstly,the curriculum standards should be improved and the practical operability of the curriculum standards should be enhanced.Secondly,the classical Chinese articles should be carefully selected and take into account of various contents.Finally,the guidance system should be perfected,which should concentrate on content presentation.Besides,the exercise should be designed scientifically to improve the comprehensive ability of students.

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 陕西师范大学
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