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自由活动中专家型幼儿教师随机教育的个案研究

【作者】 岳凌伟

【导师】 刘岩; 吴旭虹;

【作者基本信息】 鞍山师范学院, 学前教育(专业学位), 2019, 硕士

【摘要】 随机教育能力是幼儿教师必备的专业能力之一,幼儿的全面协调发展需要幼儿教师实施富有成效的随机教育。在实际教育实践中,专家型幼儿教师随机教育水平普遍高于一般幼儿教师,其随机教育智慧可以为幼儿园教师提高随机教育水平提供借鉴与启示。本研究选取辽宁省A市一位专家型幼儿教师L作为研究对象,综合运用了个案研究法、观察法、访谈法、文献法进行研究。笔者在长达半年的时间内,跟踪观察L教师在幼儿自由活动中的随机教育,并结合访谈对收集到的资料进行深入剖析,呈现L教师在自由活动中的随机教育表现,从中总结出L教师随机教育具有的个性特点:具有敏锐的洞察力,善于识别随机教育契机;善于从幼儿已有生活经验出发,确定随机教育内容;善于从幼儿的发展需要出发,恰当把握随机教育方式;及时强化随机教育结果,保持教育的连续性;主动进行反思,总结随机教育经验。最后,笔者基于对L教师自由活动中随机教育的特点,给予幼儿园教师开展随机教育五点启示:一是坚定教育信念,树立科学的儿童观;二是提升观察幼儿能力,提高教育敏感度;三是积极参与教育实践,提高随机教育能力;四是注重自我反思,善于自我学习;五是构建教师专业学习共同体,汲取随机教育智慧。

【Abstract】 The ability of random education is one of the necessary professional abilities for preschool teachers.The comprehensive and coordinated development of kindergarten teachers need to implement effective random education.In the practice of education,the random educational level of expert kindergarten teachers is generally higher than which of ordinary kindergarten teachers.The random educational wisdom of expert kindergarten teachers can provide reference and inspiration for improving the random educational level of kindergarten teachers.In this study,Mrs L,an expert kindergarten teacher in a city of Liaoning Province,was chosen as the research object.This thesis employs case study method,observation method,interview method and literature method to study with the actual situation.The author followed and observed the Mrs L for half a year.Tracking and observing the random education of Mrs L in children’s free activities.The author presents the random educational performance of Mrs L in free activities.The research summarizes the personality characteristics of Mrs L’ random education.Mrs L,an expert kindergarten teacher have keen insight and is good at identifying the opportunity of random education;Mrs L is an expert in determining the content of random education based on children existing life experience;Mrs L can not only doing well in starting from the development needs of children,but also grasping the random education method properly.Mrs L strengthen the results of random education in the teaching process,as well as maintain the continuity of education at all times.Besides taking the initiative to reflect Mrs L has an ability to summarize the experience of random education.At last,based on characteristics of random education in Mrs L’ free activities,dissertation provide five aspects of thinking to help teacher who carry out random education in kindergarten: First of all,every teacher should strengthen their educational belief and establish a scientific view of children.Secondly,every teacher should observe the behavior of children carefully during the teaching process and improve their sensitivity to education.Tertiary,every teacher should actively participate in the various educational practices of the kindergarten,exercise and improve the ability of random education.In addition,every teacher should strengthen the reflection of the self-teaching process and use all the time to strengthen their theoretical knowledge learning.Ultimately,kindergarten administrators should build a community of teachers’ professional learning,so that all kindergarten teachers can learn random educational wisdom from each other.

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 鞍山师范学院
  • 【分类号】G612
  • 【下载频次】115
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