【作者基本信息】 南京师范大学， 体育教学（专业学位）， 2019， 硕士
【Abstract】 Individual physiology and psychology are born in the family,the family plays an irreplaceable role in the acquired environment,and has a profound and lasting impact on the individual.Exercise self-efficacy can stimulate and maintain individual physical exercise behavior and help individuals overcome the obstacles they face in the early stage of sports.Junior high school students are in a period of dramatic changes and rapid development of their individual body and mind,and the junior middle school stage is the period of sudden increase of their sports ability and the key period of the formation of physical exercise behavior habits,in order to effectively promote the junior high school students to develop a positive lifestyle.From the point of view of family sports,combined with the intermal psychological point of view of exercise self-efficacy,this study provides the basis of consultation and intervention for the promotion of physical exercise behavior of junior high school students.In this study,967 junior high school students were selected by cluster sampling,and descriptive statistical analysis and variance analysis were used to investigate the characteristics of family sports environment of junior high school students.The characteristics of exercise self-efficacy and the present situation of physical exercise behavior of junior high school students and the analysis of their respective differences;Secondly,Pearson correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis are used to explore the relationship between family sports environment,exercise self-efficacy and physical exercise behavior of junior high school students.The results showed that:(1)All dimensions of the physical environment of family sports were lower than the average score,screen restriction,exercise restriction,behavior support and verbal encouragement were higher than the average score in the family behavior environment;The value of exercise and the expectation of sports ability in the psychological environment of family sports are higher than the average score.The scores of family sports physical environment,family sports behavior environment and family sports psychological environment were different in family income(P<0.01).There were differences in the physical environment of family sports and the behavior environment of family sports(P<0.01),but there was no difference in the psychological environment of family sports(P>0.05).(2)The overall self-efficacy of the junior high school students is at a lower level,and the lower exercise performance group is about 66%.The self-efficacy of the male-child exercise is higher than that of the female(P<0.01);the self-efficacy of the one-child exercise is higher than that of the non-child(P<0.05);and the self-efficacy of the overweight students is lower than that of the students(P<0.01);and(3)The physical exercise of the middle school students is in the middle exercise level,Of these,54.1%of the population,34.4%of the population,and 11.5%of the large amount of exercise.There was a clear gender difference in the behavior of physical exercise,the total amount of exercise,the intensity of exercise and the time of the single exercise were higher than that of the female(P<0.01);the exercise intensity of the lean students was significantly higher than that of the normal students(P<0.01).The frequency of the non-one-child exercise is higher than that of the one-child(P<0.05).The main reason to influence the middle school students’ exercise is the learning pressure(59%)and the conflict with other events(34.1%),while the main motivation of the middle school students is to keep the health(57.8%),the interest of sports(41.9%)and the body size(40.5%).(4)There is a correlation between the family sports environment,exercise self-efficacy and physical exercise behavior of junior high school students.Competitive sports equipment,leisure sports equipment,physical activity model,logistics support,sports ability expectations and exercise total low-level positive correlation;Competitive sports equipment,leisure sports equipment,physical activity model,behavior support,logistics support,sports ability expectation and exercise self-efficacy low degree positive correlation,and work difficulty and exercise efficiency,exercise total low degree negative correlation;Exercise self-efficacy was positively correlated with the total amount of exercise.(5)Multiple regression analysis showed that family sports environment and exercise self-efficacy could predict the development of physical exercise behavior of junior high school students,but the explanation rate could only reach 24.1%.It shows that there are many other factors that affect the development of physical exercise behavior of junior high school students,which need to be further discussed.The main results are as follows:(1)Although the parents of junior high school students in Nanjing have a more correct value belief in physical exercise for their children and have a supportive attitude towards physical exercise for their children,there are still few physical exercises carried out by junior high school students at home.This may be related to the heavy learning task of junior high school students.(2)Families with high income and high educational level are more likely to provide a better family sports environment for their children,(3)The self-efficacy of the only child is higher than that of the non-only child.(4)There are obvious gender differences in physical exercise behavior,the total amount of exercise,exercise intensity and single exercise time of boys are higher than those of girls.(5)Exercise self-efficacy plays a part of intermediary role in the process of family sports environment affecting the exercise behavior of junior high school students.
- 【网络出版投稿人】 南京师范大学