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青少年自尊与心理健康的相关性分析

【作者】 马晓蒙

【导师】 黎雪梅;

【作者基本信息】 重庆医科大学, 应用心理(专业学位), 2019, 硕士

【摘要】 目的:研究青少年精神心理问题患者的自尊与SCL-90各心理症状因子的关系,为青少年精神心理问题的临床诊疗和干预提供参考。方法:对202名于心理卫生中心就诊的青少年患者进行自尊量表(SES)、症状自评量表(SCL-90)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)等问卷测评、将收集到的数据用SPSS22.0进行统计分析。结果:不同性别与年龄的青少年患者的评估结果差异显著,女性患者在SDS,SCL-90总分,躯体化、人际关系敏感、抑郁、焦虑、恐怖、睡眠和饮食等心理症状因子上的得分显著高于男性患者(P<0.05,P<0.01),而男性患者的自尊水平明显更高;14-18组岁患者在SCL-90总分和人际关系敏感、敌对、偏执3个因子上得分明显高于19-25岁组(P<0.05);不同自尊水平患者的SCL-90总分及各因子得分差异显著(P<0.001),自尊与SCL-90总分及各因子呈显著负相关;性别、年龄、自尊水平、父母婚姻状况、负性生活事件个数是青少年心理问题的风险因素。结论:自尊对青少年的心理健康有重要影响,特别影响抑郁、人际关系敏感、精神病性、睡眠与饮食等因子和总体心理健康状况,青少年的低自尊问题需要得到迫切的心理干预。

【Abstract】 Objective: to study the relationship between self-esteem and sc-90 psychological symptom factors in adolescents with mental and psychological problems,and to provide references for the clinical diagnosis,treatment and intervention of adolescents with mental and psychological problems.Methods: 202 adolescent patients who visited the mental health center were assessed by self-esteem scale,scl-90,depression self-rating scale,etc.The collected data were statistically analyzed by SPSS22.0.Results: the evaluation results of adolescent patients with different genders and ages were significantly different.The scores of female patients in SDS,SCL-90 total score,somatization,interpersonal sensitivity,depression,anxiety,fear,sleep,diet and other psychological symptom factors were significantly higher than those of male patients(P<0.05,P<0.01),while the self-esteem level of male patients was significantly higher.The scores of the 14-to 18-year-olds in the total score of SCL-90,interpersonal sensitivity,hostility and paranoia were significantly higher than those in the19-to 25-year-olds(P<0.05).The total score of scl-90 and each factor score of patients with different self-esteem levels were significantlydifferent(P<0.001),and self-esteem was significantly negatively correlated with the total score of scl-90 and each factor.Gender,age,self-esteem level,parents’ marital status and number of negative sexual life events are risk factors of psychological problems in adolescents.Conclusion: self-esteem has an important impact on adolescents’ mental health,especially on factors such as depression,interpersonal sensitivity,psychosis,sleep and diet,and overall mental health.The low self-esteem of adolescents needs urgent psychological intervention.

【关键词】 青少年自尊心理健康SCL-90
【Key words】 AdolescentSelf-esteemMental healthSCL-90
  • 【网络出版投稿人】 重庆医科大学
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