中国基础教育博硕士论文库

节点文献

轻度智障儿童人际交往问题小组工作介入研究

【作者】 郝滢滢

【导师】 王文晶;

【作者基本信息】 长春理工大学, 社会工作(专业学位), 2019, 硕士

【摘要】 智力障碍是指那些先天大脑发育不全或大脑受到损害,造成儿童在智商、心理、语言、生理等很多方面存在着障碍。智力障碍意味着个体在智力水平以及适应性行为等方面都存在着实质性缺陷,不具备同年龄阶段应该具备的能力,而且这种状态在短时间内不会消失。尽管许多智力障碍者能够在适应性行为方面取得巨大进步,但是他们中的大部分人群还是会终身受到智力障碍的影响。许多智力障碍儿童直到入学之后才能被鉴别出来,而且有一部分是已经到了普通学校学习,发现无法完成正常的学业任务之后才被发现的。大部分轻度的智力障碍儿童能够掌握一些基础的学业知识,能够正常与其他人进行沟通和交流,并且能够独立的生活。本文利用小组工作方法组织小组活动来提高轻度智力障碍儿童基本的人际交往能力和沟通合作能力。笔者在实习的A市残疾人中等职业学校选取了6名轻度的智力障碍儿童作为服务对象,利用小组活动来探索小组工作介入轻度智力障碍儿童人际交往问题的可行性方法,寻找提高轻度智力障碍儿童人际交往的具体实施办法。

【Abstract】 Mental Retardation refers to those congenital brain hypoplasia or brain damage,resulting in many aspects of children’s IQ,psychology,language,physiology and ot her obstacles.MR means that individuals have substantial defects in intelligence and adaptive behavior,and do not have the abilities that they should have at the same age,and this state will not disappear in a short period of time.Although many people with mental retardation can make great progress in adaptive behavior,most of them will still be affected by mental retardation for life.Many children with mental disabilities cannot be identified until they enter school,and some of them have already gone to ordinary schools and found that they cannot complete normal academic tasks before being discovered.Most children with mild mental retardation can master some basic academic knowledge,can communicate with others normally,and can live independently.In this paper,group work methods are used to organize group activities to improve the basic interpersonal skills and communication and cooperation abilities of children with mild mental retardation.Through choosing 6 mild mental retardation children as the service objects in A city disabled secondary vocational school where the author of this paper practiced,the author used group activities to explore the feasible methods for group work to intervene in the interpersonal communication problems of mild mental retardation children,and tried to find specific implementation methods to improve the interpersonal communication of mild mental retardation children.

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 长春理工大学
  • 【分类号】C916;D669.5
  • 【被引频次】3
  • 【下载频次】353
  • 攻读期成果
节点文献中: