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《苍颉篇》与现代识字教育

【作者】 吴欣

【导师】 张心科;

【作者基本信息】 华东师范大学, 学科教学(语文)(专业学位), 2020, 硕士

【摘要】 近代以来,各个版本的《苍颉篇》陆续被发现。作为我国现存最早的一部识字教材,它成为考查我国古代字书的源流、研究秦汉时期的语言文字、秦汉时代字书的传承十分重要的资料。作为识字教材的《苍颉篇》,其在用字和编排方面呈现出的一些特点,体现了当时的识字教育思想,对后代识字教材的编写和识字教育亦有深远影响。通过阅读和整理大量文献,对出土《苍颉篇》的基本情况进行了综述梳理,对识字教育的相关概念进行了厘定。对比同时代识字教材《急就篇》和后世启蒙教材如“三、百、千”等,从字种、字量、字频、字间、字序等方面讨论了北大版《苍颉篇》的用字情况。在编排方式上,《苍颉篇》采用四字一句,隔句押韵,按韵分章,章首两字为题的篇章结构。句式分为“罗列式”和“陈述式”。选字上内容广泛,并呈现“以类相从”的特点。在此基础上,结合教学案例进一步总结出《苍颉篇》对现代识字教育的启示。第一,识字教材的编写方面,考虑字量、字种、字间、字频、字序的科学性;第二,在识字教学方式上,采用集中识字和随文识字相结合的形式,认写并进,认写并重,讲用结合,因材施教;第三,根据汉字的特点,选用韵语识字、归类识字和语境识字等多种识字方法,提高识字教学效率。

【Abstract】 Since modern times,various versions of Cangjie have been discovered one after another.As one of the earliest existing literacy textbooks in China,it has become a very important material for examining the origin of ancient Chinese character books,studying the language and characters in the qin and han dynasties,and inheriting character books in the qin and han dynasties.As a textbook of Chinese characters,Cangjie presents some characteristics in the use of characters and arrangement,which embodies the thought of literacy education at that time,and has a far-reaching influence on the compilation of Chinese characters and literacy education for the later generations.Through reading and sorting out a large number of documents,this paper summarizes the basic situation of unearthed Cangjie,and makes a definite definition of literacy education.Compared with the contemporary literacy textbook the "Jijiu" and later enlightenment textbooks such as "San,Bai,Qian",this paper discusses the usage of Chinese characters in the Peking University edition of "Cangjie " from the aspects of word type,word amount,word frequency,word sequence and so on.In the way of arrangement,"Cangjie " adopts four words one sentence,two sentences one rhyme,according to the rhyme chapter,chapter first two words for the chapter structure.Sentence types can be divided into "list" and "statement".On the word selection,the content involved is extensive,and presents the characteristics of the class phase.On this basis,combined with teaching cases to further summarize the "Cangjie" on modern literacy education enlightenment.First,in the compilation of literacy textbooks,the scientific character sequence of word frequency among words is considered.Second,in literacy teaching methods,the use of concentrated literacy and literacy combined with the form of recognition and writing,both recognition and writing,emphasis on the use of combination,teaching students in accordance withtheir aptitude;Thirdly,according to the characteristics of Chinese characters,we choose various literacy methods such as rhyme literacy,classified literacy and contextual literacy to improve the efficiency of literacy teaching.

【关键词】 苍颉篇现代识字教育用字编排教学
【Key words】 "The Cangjie"Literacy educationUsing wordsArrangeTeaching

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华东师范大学
  • 【分类号】G623.22;G256
  • 【下载频次】280
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