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核心素养视角下的高中地理课堂FIAS分析 ——以优质课与新手课的比较为例

【作者】 林毅

【导师】 益建芳;

【作者基本信息】 华东师范大学, 教育硕士(专业学位), 2020, 硕士

【副题名】以优质课与新手课的比较为例

【摘要】 伴随新课标修订提出的地理学科四大核心素养,高中地理课堂教学迎来新的变革。日常课堂教学是实践地理核心素养的主阵地。对刚入职的新手教师而言如何能够迅速成长并且更好地在教学过程中渗透对学生核心素养的培育是一个具有现实意义的课题。经验型教师在全国优质课评比中的展示课通常代表较为先进的教育理念和较高的教学水平,对新教师未来的专业能力提升具有借鉴意义。弗兰德斯互动分析系统能够对课堂教学和师生行为作出较为精准的量化分析与诊断。因此本研究选择弗兰德斯互动分析系统作为研究工具,根据实际需要对其进行改良,并运用改良后的编码系统分别对经验型教师的优质课和新手教师的新手课编码后做对比分析,总结两者在教学设计、教学方式和互动行为上存在差异。经验型教师的教学设计更完整,有贯穿课堂的主线;经验型教师的教学方式相对更加多元,做到以学生为主体,教师起引导作用;互动方面经验型教师更加游刃有余,能够与学生对话,从而使课堂更具生成性。最后通过文献研究和访谈归纳在课堂教学中渗透核心素养培育的常见方法。本文共分为六部分。第一部分为绪论,提出研究的背景、意义,确定待解决的主要问题和研究的技术路线。第二部分为文献综述,介绍梳理相关内容在国内外的研究现状。第三部分为研究方法,包含研究理论的说明、研究对象和测量工具的选择,并说明了对测量工具的改进和测试过程。第四部分为优质课与新手课的对比分析。主要对5节优质课和5节新手课从矩阵和互动行为动态分布图几个角度做出分析。第五部分是对核心素养培育提出的具体建议。最后第六部分是全篇的结论与对新手教师提出的若干建议。

【Abstract】 With the four key competence of geography proposed,the high school geography teaching ushered in new changes.Daily teaching is the main way to practice the key competence of geography.How to grow up quickly and better permeate the cultivation of students’ core literacy in the teaching process is a practical issue for new teachers.The demonstration class of experience teachers in the national high-quality course evaluation represents the advanced education concept and higher teaching level,which is of reference significance for the future professional ability improvement of new teachers.Flanders interactive analysis system can make more accurate quantitative analysis and diagnosis of classroom teaching and teacher-student behavior.Therefore,this research chooses the Flanders interactive analysis system as the tool,improves it according to the actual needs,and uses the improved coding system to make comparative analysis on the high-quality courses and the novice courses,then summarizes the differences in teaching design,teaching methods and interactive behaviors.The teaching design of experiential teachers is more complete,with the main line running through the class;the teaching methods of experiential teachers are relatively more diversified,with students as the main body and teachers as the guide;in terms of interaction,experiential teachers are more flexible,able to talk with students,so as to make the class more generative.Finally,through literature research and interviews,the common methods of core literacy cultivation in classroom teaching are summarized.This paper is divided into six parts.The first part is the introduction,which puts forward the background and significance,determines the main problems and the technical route.The second part is literature review,which introduces the research status of related content at home and abroad.The third part is the research method and the research theory.Include the selection of research objects and measurement tools,and the improvement of measurement tools and the testing process.The fourth part is the comparative analysis of high-quality courses and novice courses.This paper mainly analyzes five quality courses and five novice courses from the perspectives of matrix and dynamic distribution of interactive behavior.The fifth part is the specific suggestions for the cultivation of core literacy.The last part is the conclusion of the whole article and some suggestions for novice teachers.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华东师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.55
  • 【被引频次】1
  • 【下载频次】964
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