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对韩初级汉语综合课《您要买什么》教学设计

【作者】 郭智萍

【导师】 仝国斌;

【作者基本信息】 安阳师范学院, 汉语国际教育(专业学位), 2020, 硕士

【摘要】 汉语综合课在二语学习过程中具有基础性作用。韩国高中汉语课程一直采用中韩教师协同教学的模式,对于韩国学生来说,中国老师能够提供给学生新鲜的体验、准确的发音、正确的语法,同时对于任教学校来说,中国老师就代表中国,影响着中韩友好关系的建立,而韩国老师有着熟悉韩国教育制度、用母语讲解的优势,中韩搭档教学的模式能够最大程度地贴合对韩初级汉语综合课的教学内容。在整个教学过程中,教学设计能帮助教师预设所有教学环节,预测教学中可能出现的问题,是教学的蓝本,在教学中必不可少。在此背景之下,笔者结合自己赴韩的实际教学经历,在行为主义和建构主义学习理论的指导下,结合韩国忠清南道论山市炼武台机械工业高中二年级学生的实际情况,将第七课《您要买什么》的教学设计内容以表格的形式呈现出来,并对授课过程进行总结和反思。本文共分为五个部分。第一部分为绪论,主要从本文的研究意义、研究内容、研究综述、研究方法四个方面展开;第二部分为教学设计的理论基础和原则;第三部分为文章的主体部分,主要为《您要买什么》的教学环节安排与设计思路;第四部分为教学评估与反思,评估本次教学的优缺点,反思自己的不足,并提出相应的教学策略和学习策略;第五部分为结语,阐述本次教学活动的收获与心得。教学设计以精讲多练为原则展开,在教师“精讲”以后,学生依次进行机械性的、有意义的、交际性的练习。词汇教学以图片法、实物法、释义法为主,语言点按照展示——解释——练习的顺序来进行。经过教学评估与反思,笔者认为对于词汇教学和朗读教学应多次反复练习,提供给学生有针对性的反馈;在语法教学中,教师应将语法规则与符合语法规范的示范例句相结合进行教学,鼓励学生模仿造句;在课文的学习中,设计有趣的课堂活动,尽量让每个学生参与其中;汉字教学中,逐渐渗透汉字的文化魅力,吸引学生多写汉字。本文希望为对韩初级汉语综合课的课程教学设计提供一个具体的研究个案。中韩教师协同教学时,如何在有效时间内合理安排教学内容,设计教学活动、如何提升学生学习汉语的积极性,调动课堂氛围,提高教学效率,如何利用课后时间复习巩固所学内容等都是授课时应该要考虑的问题,希望本文能为中韩协同教学提供一些有效的建议,为韩国的汉语课堂教学提供经验。

【Abstract】 Comprehensive Chinese course plays a fundamental role in the process of second language learning.Since the Chinese course of senior high school in South Korea has always adopted the mode of partner teaching between Chinese and Korean teachers.For Korean students,Chinese teachers can provide them with fresh experience,accurate pronunciation and correct grammar.Meanwhile,for the schools that teach,Chinese teachers represent China and affect the establishment of friendly relations between China and South Korea.Korean teachers have the advantages of being familiar with Korean education system and explaining in their native language.The mode of Chinese-Korean partner teaching can fit the teaching content of Korean primary Chinese comprehensive course to the greatest extent.The actual teaching situation of Korean senior high school Chinese classroom affects the development of Korean Chinese teaching.In the whole teaching process,the teaching design is the most important part.Under this background,the author combines his own practical teaching experience in Korea,under the guidance of behaviorism and constructivism learning theory,combined with the actual situation of the second year students of Yeonmudae Technical High School in South Korea,presents the teaching design of the seventh lesson "What do you want to buy?" in the form of tables,and summarizes and reflects on the teaching process.This paper is divided into five parts.The first part is the introduction,mainly from the research significance,research content,research review and research methods;the second part is the theoretical basis and principles of teaching design;the third part is the main part of the article,mainly for the teaching link arrangement and design ideas of what do you want to buy;the fourth part is the teaching evaluation and reflection,to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of this teaching.The fifth part is the conclusion,which describes the harvest and experience of this teaching activity.The teaching design is based on the principle of "intensive speaking and more practice".After the teacher’s "intensive speaking",the students carry out mechanical,meaningful and communicative exercises in turn.Vocabulary teaching is mainly based on picture method,object method and translation method,and language points are carried out in the order of display explanation practice.After teaching evaluation and reflection,the author thinks that the teaching of vocabulary and intensive reading should be repeated many times to provide students with targeted feedback;about grammar teaching,teachers should combine grammar rules with demonstration examples conforming to grammar rules to encourage students to imitate and make sentences.In the study of the text,design interesting classroom activities and try to involve every student.In the teaching of Chinese characters,the cultural charm of Chinese characters is gradually infiltrated to attract students to write more Chinese characters.This paper hopes to provide a specific case study for the course design of Korean Junior Chinese comprehensive course.When Chinese and Korean teachers cooperate in teaching,how to arrange teaching contents reasonably in effective time,how to design teaching activities,how to enhance students’ enthusiasm in learning Chinese,how to mobilize classroom atmosphere,improve teaching efficiency,how to use after-class time to review and consolidate what they have learned are all issues that should be considered in teaching.I hope this article can provide some effective suggestions for Chinese and Korean partner teaching and provide experience for Chinese classroom teaching in South Korea.

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 安阳师范学院
  • 【分类号】G633.3
  • 【下载频次】61
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