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青少年禁毒社会工作中的“月半心法”实务研究 ——以深市S社区“春风联动益苗培育项目”为例

【作者】 周昕橦

【导师】 徐华;

【作者基本信息】 安徽大学, 社会工作(专业学位), 2020, 硕士

【副题名】以深市S社区“春风联动益苗培育项目”为例

【摘要】 “青年兴则国家兴,青年强则国家强”,随着全球化进程的日趋深化,青少年吸毒问题蔓延世界各地,已成为严峻的社会问题,受到各国普遍重视。欧盟预防毒品办公室的调查报告显示,在最近三年的时间里,全球滥用各类违禁药品的青少年人数不断递增,在2017年更是突破5000万,吸毒吸毒青年人数不断攀升,中国亦不例外。青年吸毒群体规模不断扩大背后所表明的可怕事实是,我国已经由十年前的违禁药品过境“受害地域”逐步演变成违禁药品过境滋生“消费地域”。为了帮助吸毒者戒毒康复,对这样一个特殊群体进行禁毒社会工作的普遍干预,基于自愿、他愿而设立的多元化禁毒治疗机构如雨后春笋般涌现,多层次、立体化的禁毒社会工作实务与新型戒毒治疗理念日新月异。然而,处在改革开放前沿领域的深圳窗口,如何有效借鉴国内外禁毒工作的专业举措,依托本土实际建构“大变局”时期凸显地方特色禁毒社会工作实务新模式,进而引领青少年禁毒社会工作新方向,尚未得到禁毒社会工作理论界和实务界的足够重视。为系统总结、提炼深圳青少年禁毒社会工作的有效实务模式,依托“月半心法”的理论基础与实务理念,基于在深圳S社区历时百天的禁毒一线实习经历,笔者剖析了在“月半心法”理念指引下的“春风联动益苗培育”项目之运作过程及其实务效果。该项目将习近平总书记倡导的“关口前移、预防为先”的指导理念与马斯洛需求层次理论引入当下青少年禁毒社会工作实务之中,通过梳理问题青少年家庭、学校和社会支持网络三重环境现状及影响,紧紧聚焦他们存在的吸毒、戒毒等问题,开展专项毒品安全防护教育,旨在提升授课老师的专业禁毒知识水平,以及提高社区、学校禁毒社会工作者的实务能力,增加青少年儿童及其家长的禁毒安全意识和禁毒知识,促进“家-校-社”三体联动,强化青少年儿童禁毒教育网络构建,为青少年儿童营造一个安全健康的成长环境。“月半心法”禁毒实务的成功实施,对从社会工作视阈探索青少年禁毒问题,有效预防青少年吸毒尝试,建构新时代中国禁毒社会工作的干预模式和发展路径,提升禁毒社会工作水平的实务效果,均具有积极意义与指导价值。

【Abstract】 With the deepening of globalization,the problem of drug abuse among young people has spread all over the world,which has become a serious social problem and received universal attention.The European Union Office for drug control survey shows that over the past three years,the number of young people abusing various illegal drugs has been increasing.In 2017,the number of drug users has increased by50 million.China has no exception.The terrible fact behind the growing scale of young drug users is that China has gradually evolved from a "victim area" of illegal drugs transit ten years ago to a "consumption area" of illegal drugs transit breeding.In order to help drug addicts recover from drug addiction and intervene in such a special group in drug control social work,a variety of drug control treatment institutions have sprung up based on their willingness and willingness,and multi-level and three-dimensional drug control social work practices and new drug treatment concepts are changing with each passing day.However,in the forefront of reform and opening up in Shenzhen window,how to effectively learn from the professional measures of drug control work at home and abroad,rely on the local reality to build a "great change" period to highlight the new mode of drug control social work practice with local characteristics,and then lead the new direction of drug control social work for young people,has not received enough attention from the theoretical and practical circles of drug control social work.In order to systematically summarize and refine the effective practical mode of drug control social work for teenagers in Shenzhen,based on the theoretical basis and practical concept of "half moon method",and based on the experience of one hundred days of drug control practice in s community of Shenzhen,the author analyzes the operation process and practical effect of the project of "spring wind linked seedling cultivation" under the guidance of "half moon method".This project will introduce general secretary Xi Jinping’s guiding ideology of "moving ahead and prevention first" and introducing Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory into the current youth antidrug social work practice.By combing the three environmental problems and the impact of the youth family,school and social support network,we should focus on the problems of drug abuse and drug addiction,and carry out special drug safety protection.The purpose of education is to improve the professional drug control knowledge level of teachers,improve the practical ability of community and school drug control social workers,increase the drug control safety awareness and drug control knowledge of young children and their parents,promote the linkage of "home school society",strengthen the construction of drug control education network for young children,and create a safe and healthy growth environment for young children.The successful implementation of the drug control practice of "moon heart Half method" has positive significance and guiding value for exploring the drug control problems of teenagers from the perspective of social work,effectively preventing teenagers from drug abuse,constructing the intervention mode and development path of China’s drug control social work in the new era,and improving the practical effect of drug control social work level.

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 安徽大学
  • 【分类号】C916;D669.5
  • 【下载频次】234
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