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儿童国际汉语教材与小学语文教材拼音编排的对比研究 ——以《汉语乐园》和《语文》为例

【作者】 张蓓

【导师】 杨晓黎;

【作者基本信息】 安徽大学, 汉语国际教育(专业学位), 2020, 硕士

【副题名】以《汉语乐园》和《语文》为例

【摘要】 汉语拼音在学习汉语过程中发挥着极其重要的作用,尤其是对汉语初学者来说具有一定的引导意义。历来针对拼音的研究主要集中在具体的教学内容上,探讨教材如何对拼音进行编排的比较少。教材在教学过程中发挥着“桥梁”的作用,教材中的拼音编排会直接影响到教学效果,所以针对教材拼音编排的研究也是必不可少的。本文以儿童国际汉语教材《汉语乐园》课本1和国内小学语文教材一年级《语文》上册为研究对象,讨论两类教材不同的拼音编排方式。本文共分为七章。第一章是绪论部分,介绍本文研究的目的、意义、对象和方法。第二章是文献综述,总结前人对国内对外汉语教材编写、儿童国际汉语教材、国内小学语文教材、儿童母语习得和二语习得理论的相关研究,为本文的进一步研究奠定一定基础。第三章介绍了《汉语乐园》和《语文》这两本教材拼音的编排概况以及声调、声母和韵母的编排方式,并针对这三方面进行对比分析。第四章介绍了《汉语乐园》和《语文》这两本教材拼音的版式和插图设计,版式设计主要从版面和字体进行对比分析,插图设计主要从数量与分布、类型与功能和图文契合度进行对比分析。第五章介绍了《汉语乐园》和《语文》这两本教材拼音的练习设计,主要从练习的题量、题型、指令语和内容进行比较研究。第六章针对儿童国际汉语教材的拼音编排提出相应的对策和建议。第七章结语,总结本文并提出不足。

【Abstract】 Chinese Pinyin plays an extremely important role in the process of learning Chinese,especially for Chinese beginners.Historically,the research on pinyin mainly focuses on the specific teaching content,and there are relatively few discussions on how to arrange Pinyin in teaching materials.Textbooks play a "bridge" role in the teaching process.The arrangement of Pinyin in textbooks will directly affect the teaching effect,so the research on the arrangement of Pinyin in textbooks is also essential.This article takes the children’s international Chinese textbook "Chinese Paradise" textbook 1 and the domestic primary school Chinese textbook first grade "Chinese" as the research object to discuss the different pinyin arrangement methods of the two types of textbooks.This article is divided into seven chapters.The first chapter is the introduction,which introduces the purpose,significance,objects and methods of this article.The second chapter is literature review,which summarizes the previous researches on the preparation of domestic Chinese textbooks for foreigners,children’s international Chinese textbooks,domestic elementary school textbooks,children’s mother tongue acquisition and second language acquisition theory,laying a foundation for further research in this article.The third chapter introduces the general arrangement of Pinyin and the arrangement of tone,initials and finals of the two textbooks "Chinese Paradise" and "Chinese",and compares and analyzes these three aspects.The fourth chapter introduces the layout and illustration design of Pinyin in two textbooks: Chinese Paradise and Chinese.The layout design is mainly compared with the layout and font.The illustration design is mainly based on the quantity and distribution,the degree of correspondence between graphics and text,the type and function for comparative analysis.The fifth chapter introduces the practice design of Pinyin in the two textbooks of "Chinese Paradise" and " Chinese ".It mainly makes a comparative study from the amount of exercises,the type of the instruction,the instruction language and the content.The sixth chapter puts forward corresponding countermeasures and suggestions for the arrangement of Pinyin for children’s international Chinese textbooks.The seventh chapter is the conclusion,which summarizes the article and puts forward the shortcomings.

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 安徽大学
  • 【分类号】G623.21
  • 【下载频次】139
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