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论未成年人罪错行为分级干预体系的构建

【作者】 赵子文

【导师】 鲁雪英;

【作者基本信息】 安徽大学, 法律硕士(非法学)(专业学位), 2020, 硕士

【摘要】 由于我国一直没有建立独立的少年司法制度,在“教育为主,惩罚为辅”的原则下,对未成年人罪错行为的干预措施如何适应现阶段未成年人罪错行为的变化趋势是当下迫切需要解决的难题。为了破解司法机关对于部分罪错未成年人“一放了之”的困境,让司法部门对罪错未成年人干预不再束手无策,我国急需构建完整的未成年人罪错行为干预体系。在未成年人罪错行为干预体系的构建上笔者认为首先对未成年人罪错行为范围的界定上应该将“罪错行为”做扩大解释为宜,“罪错行为”包括广义上的犯罪行为和不良行为,它不仅仅涵盖了《刑法》里列举的所有犯罪行为,还应涵盖社会危害程度低的不良行为和违法行为,对未成年人罪错行为这一概念的扩大解释更有利于对罪错未成年人的干预和矫治。对未成年人罪错行为的分级是干预措施实施的前提,学生在分析了未成年人罪错行为分级干预的依据后,以社会危害程度性程度为标准,打破现有粗犷的三类分级,建设性地把将未成年人罪错行为细分为五种类型,即,不良行为;轻微触法行为;违警行为;严重触法行为;犯罪行为。对未成年人罪错行为进行更为细致地划分有利于更有针对性地区别干预。笔者通过分析发现我国目前关于未成年人罪错行为的干预体系还未完善存在着诸如:未成年人罪错行为干预措施呈两级化;手段实施效果不理想;未成年罪错行为干预措施在法律上未能紧密衔接等问题,对这些问题的解决,我国实务部门已经进行了尝试并取得了丰富的实践经验,笔者认为,在吸收实务界已取得的对未成年人分级干预经验的基础上,应完善立法,构建完整的未成年人罪错行为分级干预体系,根据未成年人罪错行为的分级标准对未成年人的罪错行为细分为五级,并对不同级别的罪错行为设置了不同等级的具有可操作性的干预措施。笔者尝试通过本文研究构建一套既体现未成年人干预原则又具有层次性的分级干预体系。

【Abstract】 Since China has not established an independent juvenile justice system,under the principle of "education-oriented and punishment-assisted",how to deal with juvenile delinquency measures at this stage is an urgent need Solved puzzles.In order to solve the dilemma of the judiciary’s "just letting go of some sinful minors" and let the judiciary no longer be helpless in dealing with the crimes of minors,China urgently needs to build a complete system of interventions for minors.With regard to the construction of the system for the intervention of juvenile delinquency,the author believes that the definition of the scope of juvenile delinquency should first be interpreted as an extension of the "guilty wrongdoing".It not only covers all the criminal acts listed in the Criminal Law,but also covers bad behaviors and illegal acts with a low level of social harm.The expanded interpretation of the concept of juvenile delinquency is more conducive to the intervention of juvenile delinquents.And correction.The grading of juvenile delinquency is a prerequisite for the implementation of intervention measures.After analyzing the basis of grading intervening of juvenile delinquency,the author breaks the existing three types of rude classification based on the degree of social harm and constructively.The classification of minors’ wrongdoing behaviors into five types,namely,bad behaviors;minor violations;police violations;serious violations;crimes.A more detailed classification of minors’ wrongdoing is conducive to more targeted differential interventions.Through analysis,the author finds that the current system of dealing with juvenile delinquency in China is not yet complete.For example,the intervening measures for juvenile delinquency are two-level;the implementation of the means is not ideal;the juvenile delinquent intervention measures are legal.Problems such as failure to connect closely,and the practical departments of our country have tried and obtained rich practical experience.The author believes that on the basis of absorbing the experience of grading interventions on minors that has been obtained in the practical sector,we should Improve legislation,construct a complete system of graded interventions for juvenile delinquency,subdivide juvenile delinquency into five levels according to the classification standards of juvenile delinquency,and set different levels of crimes at different levels.Actionable interventions.The author attempts to build a hierarchical intervention system that not only reflects the principle of minor treatment,but also has a hierarchy.

【关键词】 未成年人罪错行为分级干预体系
【Key words】 MinorsWrongdoingClassificationIntervention system
  • 【网络出版投稿人】 安徽大学
  • 【分类号】D924.3;D669.5
  • 【下载频次】201
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