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社会工作介入农村小学教育的服务探析 ——以庐江县L小学为例

【作者】 邢敏

【导师】 熊凤水;

【作者基本信息】 安徽大学, 社会工作, 2020, 硕士

【副题名】以庐江县L小学为例

【摘要】 教育强则国强,教育是国家和民族的未来所系。而基础教育是造就人才和提高国民素质的奠基工程,缩小城乡教育资源差距,实现农村基础教育的均衡发展,一直是我国教育发展工作的重点之一。近年来,随着社会的关注度提高、各项政策的倾斜,农村学校教育条件得到了极大的改善。然而,在新时期,我国城乡教育不均衡问题又有了新的变化,农村校园的基础设施得到极大发展,但在教育资源分配、教师人才、师资结构以及课程结构等方面都与城市学校的差距越来越大,并逐渐从过去的显性物质资源的差距转向隐性机会性资源的差距,城乡教育的差距也表现的越来越隐蔽。本文主要讨论的是现阶段农村小学教育资源短缺所带来的办学问题,从社会工作的专业角度尝试运用小组工作、社会行政等方法对农村小学教育问题提出相应的对策和建议。本文具体分为四个部分。第一部分阐述了研究的背景和意义,对目前学界已有的研究进展进行概括、分类、评述,并介绍了理论视角和研究方法;第二部分是以本文的研究对象庐江县L小学为例,从地理位置、学校设施、教学情况以及师生结构等进行了详细的调查研究,从而得出现阶段农村地区小学教育教学中存在的一些问题,并对产生这些问题的原因进行深入探讨;第三部分就农村小学教育存在的问题尝试进行社会工作实务活动分析,针对出现的问题设计了六次小组活动,利用小组活动激发组员的潜能,达到解决问题的目的,通过实务活动表明社会工作介入农村小学教育问题的可行性;第四部分是站在社会工作专业的角度,针对社会工作介入农村小学当前存在的问题,从社会工作专业、学校和政策三方面给出了相应的服务改进建议。

【Abstract】 Education is strong,education is the future of the nation and nation.And basic education is the foundation project to bring up talents and improve the quality of the people,narrow the gap between urban and rural educational resources,and realize the balanced development of rural basic education,which has always been one of the key points in the development of education in China.In recent years,with the increase of social attention and the inclination of various policies,the educational conditions in rural schools have been greatly improved.However,in the new period,the problem of education imbalance between urban and rural areas has undergone new changes,and the infrastructure of rural campuses has been greatly developed,but the gap between educational resources distribution,teachers’ talents,teacher structure and curriculum structure and urban schools has been increasing,and gradually changing from the gap of explicit material resources in the past to the gap of implicit opportunity resources,and the gap between urban and rural education has become more and more hidden.This paper mainly discusses the education and teaching problems caused by the shortage of rural primary education resources at the present stage,and tries to put forward corresponding countermeasures and suggestions to the rural primary education problems by using the method of group work from the professional point of view of social work.This paper is specifically divided into four parts.Firstly,it expounds the background and significance of the research,summarizes,classifies and comments on the existing research progress in the academic circles,and introduces the theoretical perspective and research methods.Secondly,taking Lujiang County L Primary School as an example,this paper makes a detailed investigation and research on the geographical location,school facilities,teaching situation and the structure of teachers and students,so as to obtain some problems existing in primary education and teaching in rural areas,and probes into the causes of these problems in depth;The third part tries to analyze the problems existing in rural primary education,designssix group activities to solve the problems,uses group activities to stimulate the potential of the group members,achieves the goal of solving the problems,and shows the feasibility of social work intervention in rural primary education through practical activities.

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 安徽大学
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