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淮南市中小学教师流感防控知信行情况调查研究

【作者】 何申义

【导师】 赵存喜;

【作者基本信息】 安徽医科大学, 公共卫生与预防医学(MPH)(专业学位), 2019, 硕士

【摘要】 目的了解淮南市中小学教师流感防控KAP现状,为开展中小学校流感防控健康教育工作提供参考依据。方法自行设计《中小学生流感防控KAP调查表》,采用分层整群方法抽取淮南市7个县(区)中小学教师进行流感防控KAP调查,共调查中小学教师858人。结果淮南市中小学教师流感防控知识总知晓率、态度总形成率、行为总形成率分别为64.37%、62.18%、72.53%,小学教师流感防控KAP合格率分别为60.00%、58.97%、67.93%,中学教师流感防控KAP合格率分别为62.15%、58.98%、77.99%。从影响流感防控的单因素分析看,地区、不同文化程度、是否接受卫生培训、不同行政区的中小学教师KAP得分差异有统计学意义。不同工作年限的中学教师态度和行为得分有统计学意义,是否担任专职卫生技术人员或兼职保健教师中小学教师态度和行为得分及小学教师知识得分差异具有统计学意义。从影响流感防控的多因素分析看,中小学流感防控KAP水平与地区呈正相关,中小学流感防控知识知晓率与文化程度呈正相关(P值均<0.05)。电视和广播是淮南市中小学教师获取流感知识最主要途径,专业书籍和网络新媒体也是常见获取流感知识的途径。结论淮南市中小学教师的流感防控KAP总体水平有待提高。建议淮南市应进一步加大中小学校流感防控力度,推行“政府-学校-老师-社会”流感联防联控模式,充分发挥中小学教师的主体作用,为校园流感防控构建健康教育的安全网,有效降低淮南市中小学生流感感染率,确保学生身心健康。

【Abstract】 Objective: To understand the current situation of the prevention and control of influenza in primary and secondary schools in Huainan,to provide a reference for the prevention and control of influenza prevention and control in primary and secondary schools.Methods: The KAP questionnaire for influenza prevention and control of primary and middle school teachers was designed.A total of 858 primary and secondary school teachers in 7 counties(districts)of Huainan City were investigated by using stratified sampling method.Results: The total awareness rate,attitude formation rate and behavior formation rate of primary and secondary school teachers’ influenza prevention and control knowledge were 64.37%,62.18% and 72.53%,respectively.The qualified rates of influenza prevention and control KAP of primary school teachers were 60.00%,58.97% and67.93%,respectively.The qualified rates of influenza prevention and control KAP of middle school teachers were 62.15%,58.98% and 77.99%,respectively.According to the univariate analysis of influenza prevention and control,there were significant differences in KAP scores among primary and secondary school teachers in different districts,different educational levels,and whether they received health training or not.The scores of attitude and behavior of middle school teachers with different working years were statistically significant,and the scores of attitude and behavior of primary and secondary school teachers and the scores of knowledge of primary school teacherswere statistically significant as to whether they were full-time health technicians or part-time health teachers.According to the multivariate analysis of influenza prevention and control,the KAP level of influenza prevention and control in primary and secondary schools was positively correlated with the region,and the awareness rate of influenza prevention and control knowledge in primary and secondary schools was positively correlated with educational level(P < 0.05)..Television and radio are the most important ways for primary and secondary school teachers to acquire influenza knowledge,and professional books and new online media are also common ways to acquire influenza knowledge.Conclusion:The overall level of influenza prevention and control KAP of primary and secondary school teachers in Huainan City needs to be improved.It is suggested that Huainan City should further strengthen the prevention and control of influenza in primary and secondary schools,carry out the joint control mode of "government-school-teacher-society" influenza prevention and control,give full play to the main role of primary and secondary school teachers,construct a safety net for campus influenza prevention and control,effectively reduce the influenza infection rate of primary and secondary school students in Huainan City,and ensure the physical and mental health of students.

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 安徽医科大学
  • 【分类号】R511.7;R193
  • 【被引频次】1
  • 【下载频次】48
  • 攻读期成果
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