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游戏教学法在泰国高中学生汉字教学中的应用研究

【作者】 陈瀚霖(NUTTHANASIT BANDIT)

【导师】 沙宗元;

【作者基本信息】 安徽大学, 语言学及应用语言学, 2020, 硕士

【摘要】 汉字是一种意音文字,是世界上最古老的文字之一。在泰国汉语教学中,学生在学习汉字的过程中,多是通过枯燥的练习进行掌握,使得他们对汉字学习逐渐丧失兴趣。在泰国高中学生汉字教学中,如果能够运用好游戏教学法,将会取得事半功倍的效果。本文的研究包括了以下七个部分:第一部分为绪论,介绍研究背景、研究目的及意义等。第二部分为文献综述及理论概述,总结目前汉字本体教学、泰国汉字教学、游戏教学法及对外汉语教学设计方面的研究成果。从行为主义理论及二语习得理论来阐述本文的理论背景和基础。第三部分对泰国高中汉字教学及学生学习情况进行调查分析,从教师们对汉字教学的反馈情况看,汉字教学是穿插在汉语教学中的,没有专门的汉字教学课程;教师多使用“老师讲学生听”的传统方法进行汉字教学。从学生的反馈情况看,多数人通过反复抄写及汉字的偏旁来记住字形;学生表示喜欢及非常喜欢课上做游戏的居多;多数人认为汉字游戏教学法能帮助记住汉字。第四部分对泰国高中学生汉字课堂游戏教学设计。论文先对教学准备进行说明,之后结合《快乐汉语》这部教材进行汉字课堂游戏教学设计。设计内容主要包括汉字语音认读游戏设计、汉字笔画游戏教学设计、汉字部件结构游戏教学设计、汉字综合练习游戏教学设计。第五部分是对泰国初级阶段汉字课堂游戏教学效果的评价及反思。从教学测试情况看,汉字课堂游戏教学法有助于激发学生的兴趣,减轻他们的学习压力。本文对游戏教学法应用于泰国高中学生汉字教学进行了反思,我们认为汉语教师应注意做到:对学生多激励;教学知识贯穿游戏中;鼓励学生多动手。第六部分提出几点教学对策和建议:根据不同的教学情况设计游戏;游戏设计要结合教师及学生的情况;注重游戏教学与汉字其他教学法相结合。最后是结语部分,概括总结全文的主要观点和结论。

【Abstract】 Chinese characters are a kind of phonetic characters and one of the oldest characters in the world.In Thai Chinese teaching,teachers rarely analyze the meaning of Chinese characters from the Chinese character glyph level.In the process of learning Chinese characters,students often master it through boring exercises,which has caused many students to gradually lose interest in learning Chinese characters.In the teaching of Chinese characters for senior high school students in Thailand,if you can use the game teaching method well,you will get more results with less effort.This is the important purpose of this study.The research of this article includes the following seven parts:The first part is the introduction,which introduces the research background,research purpose and significance,and points out the research value of this article.The second part is a literature review and a theoretical overview.It summarizes the literature summary on the current Chinese character ontology teaching,Thai Chinese character teaching,game teaching method,and teaching Chinese as a foreign language.Explain the theoretical background and basis of this article from the behaviorist theory and the second language acquisition theory.The third part investigates and analyzes the teaching of Chinese characters and student learning in high schools in Thailand.From the feedback of teachers on Chinese characters teaching,Chinese characters teaching is interspersed with Chinese teaching.There is no special Chinese character teaching course.The traditional method of "student listening" is used to teach Chinese characters.From the feedback of students,most people remember the glyphs through repeated transcriptions and radicals of Chinese characters;most students said they liked and liked the games in class;most people thought that the Chinese character game teaching method could help memorize Chinese characters.The fourth part is the teaching design of Chinese characters classroom games for senior high school students in Thailand.The dissertation first explains the teaching preparations,and then uses the "Happy Chinese" textbook to design the classroom teaching of Chinese characters.The design contents mainly include the design of the Chinese character phonetic reading game,the Chinese character stroke game teaching design,the Chinese character component structure game teaching design,and the Chinese character comprehensive practice game teaching design.The fifth part is the evaluation and reflection on the teaching effect of Chinese character classroom games in the primary stage of Thailand.Judging from the teaching test situation,the classroom teaching method of Chinese characters helps to stimulate students’ interest and reduce their learning pressure.This article reflects on the application of game teaching method to the teaching of Chinese characters to senior high school students in Thailand.We believe that Chinese teachers should pay attention to: motivate students;teaching knowledge runs through the game;encourage students to do more.The sixth part puts forward some teaching strategies and suggestions: design games according to different teaching situations;game design should be combined with the situation of teachers and students;pay attention to the combination of game teaching and other teaching methods of Chinese characters.The last part is the conclusion part,which summarizes the main viewpoints and conclusions of the full text.

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 安徽大学
  • 【分类号】G633.3
  • 【下载频次】141
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