中国基础教育博硕士论文库

节点文献

高中物理教科书编写呈现科学方法研究

【作者】 胡扬洋

【导师】 邢红军;

【作者基本信息】 首都师范大学, 课程与教学论, 2018, 博士

【摘要】 在当前我国教育改革与发展的大背景下,发展学生核心素养、新高考改革以及课程改革相继成为热点和难点。课程教学改革不断涉入深水区,教科书研究、教师教育改革逐渐成为焦点。现实中,教师群体包括物理等各学科教学的思想则一直以来缺乏进展和突破。改进这一现实需要找寻良好的契机和杠杆,教科书编写研究以及科学方法这一范畴有可能成为一个具有优势的选择。在当下,高中物理教科书编写呈现科学方法的研究亦具有鲜明的实践意义和理论意义。第1章引言部分从研究背景、研究问题、研究设计、研究方法、研究意义等方面对整个研究给予界定。第2章研究综述选用了思想史的研究方法,分别对我国物理科学方法教学的思想史、我国物理教材编写与教材分析的思想史、思想史视角的汇交等方面进行了梳理,并综述了教科书框架与内容呈现的研究。第3章发掘并归纳了思想与现实中科学方法教育的观念与实践疑难,主要存在文化视域下的科学方法“有无”之争、我国科学方法教育的“显隐”之争以及科学方法教学的实践之困等三个方面。第4章对中外教科书呈现科学方法的现状进行分析和比较,首先确定了教科书的选取及其分析标准,进而分别梳理了我国教科书与欧美教科素呈现科学方法的特征,最后归纳了相应的启示。具体的研究共分为物理教科书呈现科学方法的理论研究、物理教科书呈现科学方法的编写研究以及物理教科书呈现科学方法的效果研究三个子研究。研究规划试图通过思想史、文本分析、叙事分析等研究方法,找到既切合我国物理教师群体理解物理教学的实际,又具有鲜明实践特征,且具备良好学理依据的理论系统和实践范例。研究Ⅰ共包括第5章和第6章。首先试图确定物理教科书呈现科学方法的基本理论,在关于“科学方法”的历史研究的基础上,讨论了科学方法的历史内涵、哲学内涵以及在教科书中呈现时的教育内涵;其次,研究探讨了科学方法与物理学科之间关系模式的一种理论;第三,探讨了教科书文本书写的理论;最后,在相应理论研究的基础上,进行了概念界定。基于理论研究的成果,研究建构了物理教科书呈现科学方法类属的三维空间模型,并在这一分类框架下探讨了不同类属科学方法的内涵、特性及其功能。研究Ⅱ共包括第7章~第12章。首先,在科学方法类属三维空间的框架下,确定了高中物理教科书呈现科学方法的内容为物理学科方法与科学思维方法;其次,论述了教科书呈现科学方法的三种篇章形式以及呈现科学方法的三种陈述模式;第三,基于呈现内容与呈现形式的确定,制定了人教版新教科书呈现科学方法的方案;最后,基于方案,给出了教科书呈现科学方法“单设专节”、“系统置入”以及“部分重构”的编写案例。研究Ⅲ为第13章。为检验呈现科学方法的效果,研究首先系统地探讨了呈现效果检验的方法论并进行了设计,共包括呈现科学方法对教师教学设计的影响、呈现科学方法对学生阅读教科书的影响以及呈现科学方法对课堂教学过程的影响三个维度。第14章总结了研究结论并进行了综合讨论。结论认为科学方法相关理论建构体现出基本的合理性以及实践可用性,呈现科学方法的编写范例具有良好的范例价值,且呈现效果在教科书应用中得到了多维度的体现。

【Abstract】 Under the background of education reform and development in China,the development of students’ core literacy,the reform of the new college entrance examination and the curriculum reform have become hot.The reform of curriculum teaching is constantly involved in the deepwater areas,and the study of textbooks and the reform of teachers’ education have gradually become the focus and difficulty.In reality,the teaching ideas of teachers,including physics and other disciplines,have been short of progress and breakthroughs.To improve this reality,we need to find good opportunities and levers.The field of textbook compilation and scientific methods may become an advantageous option.In the present,the research on the presentation of scientific methods in the compilation of high school physics textbooks also has distinct practical and theoretical significance.The first chapter is the introduction,the whole research is defined from the research background,research issues,research design,research methods,research significance and so on.The second chapter is the literature review.This chapter selects the research methods of the history of thought.It summarizes the history of the teaching of physical science methods in China,the intersection of ideological history and ideological history of Chinese physics textbook compilation and textbook analysis,and the presentation of textbook framework and content.The third chapter finds and sums up the difficulties in the concept and practice of the scientific methods of education in thought and reality.These difficulties lie in the following three aspects:the debate on the scientific method of "yes or no" in the perspective of culture,the controversy between "hidden" in Chinese scientific method education and the difficulties in teaching practice of scientific methods.The fourth chapter analyzes and compares the current situation of Chinese and foreign textbooks presenting scientific methods.First,it determines the selection and analysis standard of textbooks,and then summarizes the characteristics of scientific methods in textbooks in China and Europe and America.Finally,it summarizes the corresponding inspiration.The specific research contents can be divided into three parts: the theoretical research of the scientific method of physics textbook,the compilation of scientific method of physics textbook,and the effect of scientific method presented by physics textbook.Research planning is trying to find a theoretical system and practice paradigm that is suitable for our physics teachers group to understand the reality of physics teaching,and has distinct characteristics and good theoretical basis through the methods of thought history,text analysis and narrative analysis.The first study consists of fifth chapters and sixth chapters.First,some basic theories of scientific methods in physics textbooks have been constructed.On the basis of historical research on the "scientific method",the research discusses the scientific method of historical connotation,philosophical connotation and the connotation of education;secondly,we discuss a theoretical model about the relationship between the scientific method and physics;third,discusses the textbook writing theory;finally,based on the on the above research,defines some concepts.Based on the results of theoretical research,a three-dimensional spatial model of scientific methods is constructed.Under this framework,the connotation,characteristics and functions of different kinds of scientific methods are discussed.The study II consists of seventh chapters to twelfth chapters.First,high school physics textbooks should be identified as the physical and scientific methods of science,Based on the theory of three dimensional space theory of scientific methods.Secondly,the paper discusses three types of text forms and three kinds of presentation modes of textbook presenting scientific methods.Third,we set up the plan of presenting the scientific method of the new textbook of the PEP edition.Finally,based on the plan,we gave the compiling cases of the textbook presenting the scientific method "setting up special sections","systematic placement" and "partial refactoring".The study III is the thirteenth chapter.In order to show the scientific method of inspection effect,first of all,it systematically explored the methodology of effectiveness testing and designed the test plan,including three dimensions,including the impact on teachers’ instructional design,the impact on students’ reading textbooks,and on the process of classroom teaching.The fourteenth chapter summarizes the conclusion of the study and makes a comprehensive discussion.The conclusion is that the theoretical construction of scientific method reflects rationality and practical availability.The examples of presenting scientific method has good example value,and the effect has been reflected in many dimensions in textbook application.

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 首都师范大学
节点文献中: